Skip to main content

Table 3 Association between tuberculosis (exposure) and depressive episode (outcome) by regions or country income level

From: Depression comorbid with tuberculosis and its impact on health status: cross-sectional analysis of community-based data from 48 low- and middle-income countries

Region or country income level OR (95% CI) P value
Africa 3.50 (2.76–4.43) <0.0001
Americas 2.74 (1.80–4.18) <0.0001
Asia 3.75 (2.74–5.14) <0.0001
Europe 2.67 (0.75–9.52) 0.1293
Low-income countries 3.52 (2.74–4.54) <0.0001
Middle-income countries 3.24 (2.40–4.35) <0.0001
  1. Estimates are based on multivariable logistic regression
  2. Models are adjusted for age, sex, education, wealth, household size, location, smoking, alcohol consumption, body mass index, diabetes, and country
  3. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval