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Table 3 Prevalence estimates according to the identification method (n = 476,252)

From: The extra cost of comorbidity: multiple illnesses and the economic burden of non-communicable diseases

  Long-Term Illness dataa Hospital discharge datab Drug Dispensing datac Overall prevalence estimates
  N % N % N % N %
Stroke 1938 0.4 3077 0.7    4348 0.9
Heart disease 11,764 2.5 12,461 2.6    17,465 3.7
Cancerd 10,482 2.2 7423 1.6    12,656 2.7
Diabetes 24,705 5.2 16,245 3.4 30,454 6.4 33,686 7.1
Chronic kidney disease 1253 0.3 4761 1.0   5267 1.1
Respiratory illnesse 1081 0.2 6209 1.3 34,671 7.3 37,203 7.8
Alcohol use disorder 927 0.2 6188 1.3    6683 1.4
Cirrhosis 1073 0.2 3847 0.8   4360 0.9
Major depression 9168 1.9    9168 1.9
Neurological disorders 3355 0.7 4201 0.9 1112 0.2 5945 1.3
  1. aChronic diseases were identified using the ICD-10 classification (Table 1) of the Long-Term Illness registry
  2. bChronic diseases were identified using the ICD-10 classification (Table 1) of diagnoses reported in the hospital discharge database
  3. cWe considered that a person had a chronic disease if they had been dispensed at least three drugs in the corresponding ATC category [17] at different times over the calendar year
  4. dBreast/Lung/Colorectal/Stomach/Liver/Kidney/Pancreatic/Oesophageal
  5. eChronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma