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Table 3 Odds ratios (OR) and associated 95% confidence intervals for independent predictors of the outcomes in logistic regression models 1 to 4

From: Factors associated with junior doctors’ decisions to apply for general practice training programmes in the UK: secondary analysis of data from the UKMED project

Factor Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Male 0.62 (0.55 to 0.69) 0.58 (0.51 to 0.66) 0.66 (0.58 to 0.74) 0.63 (0.55 to 0.73)
BME 1.43 (1.27 to 1.63) 1.48 (1.26 to 1.74)   1.31 (1.1 to 1.57)
Independent/Private school     0.85 (0.72 to 1.00)
UK secondary educated 1.92 (1.40 to 2.63)   1.73 (1.19 to 2.53)  
IMD Quintile 1   0.66 (0.50 to 0.86)   
IMD Quintile 2   0.77 (0.58 to 1.02)   
IMD Quintile 3   0.74 (0.55 to 0.98)   
IMD Quintile 4   0.73 (0.54 to 0.99)   
IMD Quintile 5   1 (Reference)   
UKCAT z-score   0.86 (0.80 to 0.92)   0.91 (0.84 to 0.98)
NS-SEC1 Routine/semi-routine    1 (Reference)  
NS-SEC2 Lower supervisory/technical    0.70 (0.44 to 1.12)  
NS-SEC3 Small employer/own account    0.91 (0.67 to 1.23)  
NS-SEC4 Intermediate    0.74 (0.57 to 0.96)  
NS-SEC5 Managerial/Professional    0.72 (0.60 to 0.88)  
Entry Status: Graduate entrant to standard programme 1 (Reference)   1 (Reference)  
Entry Status: Non-graduate entrant to standard programme 0.76 (0.63 to 0.91)   0.80 (0.65 to 0.97)  
Entry Status: Graduate programme 0.87 (0.65 to 1.17)   0.70 (0.51 to 0.98)  
MS: Aberdeen 3.35 (1.93 to 5.82) 3.25 (1.59 to 6.66) 7.45 (2.76 to 20.06) 4.83 (1.67 to 13.95)
MS: Barts 3.44 (2.16 to 5.48) 6.09 (3.31 to 11.21) 8.05 (3.11 to 20.83) 7.60 (2.83 to 20.40)
MS: Birmingham 2.28 (1.43 to 3.64) 2.42 (1.35 to 4.35) 5.07 (1.96 to 13.16) 3.52 (1.32 to 9.38)
MS: Bradforda 7.11 (2.74 to 18.47) 6.24 (1.93 to 20.14) 22.08 (6.39 to 76.26) 13.24 (3.33 to 52.6)
MS: Brighton Sussex 2.83 (1.64 to 4.88) 3.87 (1.97 to 7.6) 5.59 (2.05 to 15.25) 4.62 (1.62 to 13.15)
MS: Bristol 2.07 (1.25 to 3.43) 2.41 (1.26 to 4.6) 5.52 (2.09 to 14.58) 3.62 (1.30 to 10.04)
MS: Cambridge 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 2.32 (0.83 to 6.53) 1.41 (0.46 to 4.28)
MS: Cardiff 2.60 (1.57 to 4.32) 3.60 (1.93 to 6.71) 5.73 (2.17 to 15.16) 5.18 (1.91 to 14.07)
MS: Dundee 2.49 (1.39 to 4.45) 2.59 (1.20 to 5.60) 4.29 (1.53 to 12.04) 3.73 (1.22 to 11.39)
MS: Edinburgh 1.70 (1.00 to 2.90) 2.15 (1.10 to 4.20) 3.82 (1.41 to 10.33) 3.72 (1.33 to 10.38)
MS: Glasgow 2.78 (1.62 to 4.76) 2.88 (1.42 to 5.86) 5.66 (2.10 to 15.27) 4.16 (1.44 to 12.01)
MS: Hull York 4.74 (2.78 to 8.08) 7.36 (3.70 to 14.62) 8.67 (3.24 to 23.17) 8.21 (2.92 to 23.04)
MS: Imperial 1.70 (1.04 to 2.78) 2.08 (1.13 to 3.83) 3.61 (1.34 to 9.71) 2.37 (0.85 to 6.60)
MS: Keele 2.35 (1.38 to 3.99) 2.02 (1.04 to 3.91) 4.59 (1.69 to 12.43) 2.96 (1.04 to 8.39)
MS: King’s 2.03 (1.24 to 3.34) 3.09 (1.58 to 6.04) 5.38 (2.03 to 14.24) 3.76 (1.30 to 10.90)
MS: Lancaster 2.58 (1.28 to 5.22) 2.00 (0.81 to 4.97) 7.05 (2.35 to 21.16) 2.67 (0.75 to 9.50)
MS: Leeds 2.90 (1.67 to 5.04) 3.62 (1.81 to 7.23) 5.89 (2.15 to 16.15) 4.41 (1.53 to 12.74)
MS: Leicester 3.14 (1.92 to 5.14) 2.98 (1.60 to 5.55) 6.69 (2.55 to 17.51) 3.63 (1.33 to 9.90)
MS: Liverpool 3.51 (2.14 to 5.77) 3.45 (1.85 to 6.41) 6.43 (2.44 to 16.95) 4.04 (1.49 to 10.96)
MS: Manchester 3.04 (1.88 to 4.92) 3.46 (1.90 to 6.32) 6.12 (2.34 to 15.97) 4.47 (1.67 to 12.00)
MS: Newcastle 3.67 (2.21 to 6.10) 4.82 (2.54 to 9.13) 6.50 (2.44 to 17.31) 4.91 (1.77 to 13.61)
MS: Norwich 2.20 (1.35 to 3.61) 2.61 (1.38 to 4.93) 5.07 (1.91 to 13.44) 3.24 (1.16 to 9.03)
MS: Nottingham 2.14 (1.34 to 3.41) 2.64 (1.46 to 4.77) 5.83 (2.25 to 15.15) 4.48 (1.68 to 11.95)
MS: Oxford 1.11 (0.59 to 2.07) 1.48 (0.71 to 3.12) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
MS: Peninsula 3.37 (2.01 to 5.63) 3.64 (1.92 to 6.91) 8.82 (3.34 to 23.31) 6.27 (2.30 to 17.14)
MS: Queen’s Belfast 3.38 (1.75 to 6.52) 3.34 (1.51 to 7.37) 4.71 (1.57 to 14.18) 3.57 (1.12 to 11.38)
MS: Sheffield 3.59 (2.07 to 6.23) 4.41 (2.26 to 8.59) 8.74 (3.22 to 23.71) 6.82 (2.44 to 19.03)
MS: Southampton 2.50 (1.52 to 4.09) 2.6 (1.39 to 4.86) 4.75 (1.80 to 12.57) 3.85 (1.41 to 10.53)
MS: St Andrews 2.55 (1.32 to 4.92) 2.13 (0.93 to 4.86) 4.44 (1.48 to 13.30) 1.53 (0.42 to 5.52)
MS: St George’s 3.11 (1.91 to 5.06) 4.03 (2.12 to 7.67) 7.46 (2.84 to 19.62) 7.04 (2.55 to 19.42)
MS: Swansea 3.34 (1.58 to 7.04)   11.27 (3.64 to 34.86)
MS: University College London 2.06 (1.19 to 3.55) 3.39 (1.70 to 6.77) 4.85 (1.75 to 13.43) 4.97 (1.70 to 14.52)
MS: Warwick 2.24 (1.22 to 4.11)   6.71 (2.34 to 19.29)  
Intercalated 0.56 (0.46 to 0.68) 0.49 (0.39 to 0.61) 0.62 (0.50 to 0.78) 0.55 (0.43 to 0.70)
EPM top two quartiles 0.86 (0.77 to 0.96) 0.86 (0.75 to 0.99)   
FS: Birmingham   2.22 (1.26 to 3.92) 1.65 (0.95 to 2.87) 3.49 (1.14 to 10.68)
FS: Black Country/Shropshire   1.91 (1.06 to 3.45) 1.72 (0.97 to 3.03) 3.37 (1.09 to 10.47)
FS: Coventry/Warwickshire   2.00 (0.89 to 4.49) 1.35 (0.68 to 2.68) 1 (Reference)
FS: East Anglian   1.16 (0.67 to 2.01) 1.82 (1.09 to 3.04) 2.87 (0.94 to 8.78)
FS: Hereford/Worcestershire   1.19 (0.57 to 2.50) 1.40 (0.69 to 2.84) 2.55 (0.74 to 8.84)
FS: Leicester/Northamptonshire   2.15 (1.19 to 3.89) 2.46 (1.41 to 4.28) 4.47 (1.45 to 13.84)
FS: Mersey   1.10 (0.62 to 1.93) 1.67 (0.97 to 2.87) 3.18 (1.03 to 9.84)
FS: North Central Thames   1 (Reference) 1.06 (0.60 to 1.86) 1.48 (0.44 to 4.96)
FS: North East Thames   1.29 (0.72 to 2.30) 1.24 (0.73 to 2.12) 2.34 (0.74 to 7.35)
FS: North West Thames 1 (Reference) 1.02 (0.57 to 1.84) 1 (Reference) 2.41 (0.75 to 7.75)
FS: North Western   1.21 (0.72 to 2.03) 1.17 (0.71 to 1.93) 2.31 (0.77 to 6.95)
FS: North Yorkshire/E. Coast   0.87 (0.46 to 1.64) 1.35 (0.75 to 2.42) 3.01 (0.95 to 9.61)
FS: Northern   0.89 (0.51 to 1.55) 1.03 (0.60 to 1.79) 1.88 (0.61 to 5.83)
FS: Northern Ireland   1.67 (0.80 to 3.50) 1.07 (0.50 to 2.26) 1.94 (0.54 to 6.94)
FS: Oxford   0.98 (0.54 to 1.77) 1.21 (0.68 to 2.15) 2.30 (0.72 to 7.37)
FS: Peninsula   1.07 (0.57 to 2.01) 1.21 (0.67 to 2.19) 2.28 (0.71 to 7.33)
FS: Scotland E. Region   0.79 (0.34 to 1.81) 1.03 (0.47 to 2.25) 1.61 (0.42 to 6.17)
FS: Scotland N. Region   2.51 (1.25 to 5.05) 2.69 (1.45 to 5.00) 5.69 (1.72 to 18.79)
FS: Scotland W. Region   1.34 (0.74 to 2.45) 1.95 (1.12 to 3.38) 3.62 (1.15 to 11.4)
FS: Severn   1.23 (0.72 to 2.11) 1.72 (1.04 to 2.83) 3.46 (1.13 to 10.59)
FS: South Thames   1.26 (0.78 to 2.05) 1.24 (0.78 to 1.97) 2.30 (0.77 to 6.84)
FS: South Yorkshire   1.09 (0.57 to 2.07) 1.02 (0.54 to 1.92) 1.90 (0.58 to 6.21)
FS: Staffordshire   1.94 (1.02 to 3.68) 1.90 (1.02 to 3.54) 3.77 (1.19 to 12.00)
FS: Trent   1.43 (0.84 to 2.46) 1.70 (1.02 to 2.84) 3.73 (1.23 to 11.26)
FS: Wales   1.28 (0.73 to 2.24) 1.62 (0.95 to 2.76) 2.58 (0.84 to 7.95)
FS: Wessex   1.25 (0.72 to 2.16) 1.55 (0.92 to 2.63) 2.96 (0.97 to 9.06)
FS: West Yorkshire   1.05 (0.60 to 1.85) 1.50 (0.88 to 2.58) 2.94 (0.95 to 9.07)
ARCP Satisfactory progression 1.21 (1.03 to 1.44)    
  1. aUniversity of Bradford Foundation Course was classified by HESA as ‘medical school first attended’ by doctors in UKMED database
  2. ARCP Annual Review of Clinical Progression, BME Black and minority ethnic, EPM Educational Performance Measure, FS foundation school, IMD Index of Multiple Deprivation, MS medical school, NS-SEC National Statistics Socio-economic Classification, UKCAT UK Clinical Aptitude Test