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Table 3 Comparison between quality of life in the study population and a European reference sample

From: Near-death experiences, attacks by family members, and absence of health care in their home countries affect the quality of life of refugee women in Germany: a multi-region, cross-sectional, gender-sensitive study

  Mean FRS SD FRS Mean Europe SD Europe df t p
How would you rate your quality of life? 2.92 1.05 3.68 0.82 5506 21.55 <0.0001
How satisfied are you with your health? 3.01 1.25 3.6 0.96 5503 14.2 <0.0001
Do you have enough energy for everyday life? 3.42 1.27 3.8 0.91 5505 9.53 <0.0001
How satisfied are you with your ability to perform your daily activities? 3.57 1.28 3.79 0.87 5504 5.7 <0.0001
How satisfied are you with yourself? 3.71 1.33 3.66 0.88 5501 –1.27 0.2
How satisfied are you with your personal relationships? 3.97 1.24 3.89 0.84 5496 –2.14 0.03
Have you enough money to meet your needs? 2.82 1.17 3.14 1.09 5502 6.99 <0.0001
How satisfied are you with the conditions of your living place? 2.47 1.34 3.89 0.97 5504 33.45 <0.0001
Total 3.23 0.78 3.68 0.62 5508 16.9 <0.0001
  1. FRS Female Refugee Study, SD standard deviation, df degrees of freedom
  2. EUROHIS-QOL uses a 5-point Likert scale: very bad (1), bad (2), intermediate (3), good (4), very good (5) [21]
  3. Data for Europe are extracted from Schmidt et al. [24]