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Table 2 Receipt of treatments by ethnicity

From: Ethnic minority inequalities in access to treatments for schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders: findings from a nationally representative cross-sectional study

  Full sample White Asian/ Asian British Black / Black British Chinese/ Other Mixed  
N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) χ2; p value
Totals 10,504   8368   861   883   183   209   
Antipsychotic prescribing
 In receipt of an antipsychotic 10,111 96% 8068 96% 828 96% 839 95% 174 95% 202 97% χ2 = 5.16; p = 0.27
 Prescribed SGA vs FGAa 4396 65% 3362 64% 428 70% 418 63% 97 73% 91 68% χ2 = 13.41; p = 0.009
 Prescribed depot 3336 32% 2640 32% 257 30% 335 38% 46 25% 58 28% χ2 = 22.4; p < 0.001
 Prescribed clozapineb 719 26% 589 27% 57 23% 46 18% 12 26% 15 28% χ2 = 9.18; p = 0.06
 Prescribed > 100% BNF recommended dose 1048 10% 869 10% 69 8% 65 7% 16 9% 29 14% χ2 = 15.82; p = 0.003
 Prescribed 2+ antipsychotics, exc. clozapine 1229 12% 1019 12% 91 11% 78 9% 16 9% 25 12% χ2 = 11.50; p = 0.02
Shared decision making
 Service user involved in deciding which antipsychotic prescribed 6070 59% 4861 59% 470 55% 514 59% 99 55% 126 62% χ2 = 6.17; p = 0.19
 Provided with written info on medication or alternative 4244 41% 3373 40% 349 41% 367 42% 71 39% 84 41% χ2 = 0.69; p = 0.95
 Benefits/side effects of the antipsychotic explained 7421 71% 5885 71% 604 70% 650 74% 125 69% 157 76% χ2 = 6.94; p = 0.14
Psychological treatments
 CBT ever offered 3578 34% 2826 34% 276 32% 325 37% 57 31% 94 45% χ2 = 16.60; p = 0.002
 Family therapy ever offered 1554 15% 1176 14% 187 22% 114 13% 36 20% 41 20% χ2=46.35; p < 0.001
Care planc
 Service user has a current care plan 5263 95% 4208 96% 408 91% 435 96% 98 91% 114 98% χ2 = 24.34; p < 0.001
  1. aSecond generation antipsychotic (SGA) vs first generation antipsychotic (FGA), excluding people prescribed either clozapine, both FGA and SGA or no antipsychotics; totals: full sample n = 6775, White n = 5237, Asian/Asian British n = 612, Black/Black British n = 661, Chinese/Other n = 132 Mixed n = 1331
  2. bClozapine prescribing restricted to n = 2793 people not in remission (partial remission with substantial disability or not in remission at all)
  3. cAsked in second wave only