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Table 4 Prevalence of medical end-of-life practices, Switzerland 2013, by language region and place of death

From: Medical end-of-life practices in Swiss cultural regions: a death certificate study

Regions German-speaking French-speaking Italian-speaking
Number of non-sudden expected deaths (eligible for end-of-life decision) N = 2256 N = 992 N = 430
  %a 95% CI %a 95% CI %a 95% CI
At home N = 265 N = 96 N = 67
  11.6% (10.4–13) 9.5% (7.9–11.5) 15.6% (12.4–19.3)
 No end-of-life practice 25.8 (20.9–31.4) 24.6 (17.0–34.2) 31.1 (21.1–43.2)
 Forgoing treatment total 60.3 (54.2–66.0) 47.0 (37.2–57.1) 45.8 (34.2–57.8)
 Alleviation of pain & symptoms total 53.1 (47.1–59.1) 60.2 (50.0–69.6) 63.1 (51.0–73.8)
vPhysician-assisted death total 5.7 (3.5–9.2) 15.4 (9.3–24.4) 1.6 (0.2–10.5)
 - Assisted suicide 4.2 (2.3–7.5) 9.0 (4.6–17.0)  
In long-term care homes N = 982 N = 371 N = 186
  44.3% (42.3–46.4) 38.6% (35.6–41.7) 43.1% (38.5–47.8)
 No end-of-life practice 17.6 (15.3–20.1) 23.9 (19.8–28.5) 27.1 (21.2–34.0)
 Forgoing treatment total 71.5 (68.6–74.3) 59.1 (53.9–64.0) 54.8 (47.6–61.8)
 Alleviation of pain and symptoms total 62.7 (59.6–65.7) 63.2 (58.2–68.0) 63.1 (55.9–69.8)
 Physician-assisted death total 1.2 (0.7–2.2) 3.0 (1.7–5.4) 3.1 (1.4–6.8)
 - Assisted suicide 0.1 (0.0–0.8) 0.3 (0.0–2.0)  
In hospital N = 973 N = 522 N = 174
  42.5% (40.5–44.6) 51.5% (48.4–54.7) 40.6% (36.1–45.4)
 No end-of-life practice 15.7 (13.5–18.1) 26.0 (22.4–30.0) 22.7 (17.0–29.5)
 Forgoing treatment total 73.6 (70.4–75.9) 62.6 (58.4–66.7) 64.5 (57.1–71.3)
 Alleviation of pain and symptoms total 68.8 (65.8–71.6) 60.2 (55.9–64.4) 65.9 (58.6–72.6)
 Physician-assisted death total 2.0 (1.3–3.1) 1.7 (0.9–3.2) 0.5 (0.1–3.8)
 - Assisted suicide   0.4 (0.1–1.4)  
  1. a100% = all non-sudden expected deaths; percentages weighted to region-sex-age-specific response rates
  2. Data in this table include cases in which more than one end-of-life decision were taken