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Table 2 Person-wave observations according to health at baseline and follow-up by sex and migrant origin (2004–2015)

From: Differences in the health transition patterns of migrants and non-migrants aged 50 and older in southern and western Europe (2004–2015)

Males Non-migrants Western migrants Non-western migrants
N % N % N %
TOTAL: good healtha (baseline) 37,241 69.8 2183* 66.8* 1013 68.4
 Stable good health 23,541 63.2 1287* 59.0* 553* 54.6*
 Health deterioration 4933 13.2 299 13.7 129 12.7
 Good health to death/loss to follow-up 8767 23.5 597* 27.3* 331* 32.7*
TOTAL: poor health (baseline) 16,112 30.2 1084* 33.2* 469 31.6
 Stable poor health 7573 47.0 466* 43.0* 167* 35.6*
 Health improvement 3288 20.4 190 17.5 92 19.6
 Poor health to death/loss to follow-up 5251 32.6 428* 39.5* 210* 44.8*
TOTAL: non-depressed (baseline) 43,159 82.8 2599 81.3 1050* 75.3*
 Stable non-depressed 28,302 65.6 1582* 60.9* 583* 55.5*
 Health deterioration 3576 8.3 221 8.5 83 7.9
 Non-depressed to death/loss to follow-up 11,281 26.1 796* 30.6* 384* 36.6*
TOTAL: depressed (baseline) 8941 17.2 598 18.7 344* 24.7*
 Stable depressed 2946 32.9 164* 27.4* 101 29.4
 Health improvement 3014 33.7 203 33.9 99 28.8
 Depressed to death/loss to follow-up 2981 33.3 231* 38.6* 144* 41.9*
TOTAL: non-diabetic (baseline) 46,858 87.9 2850 87.3 1230* 83.2*
 Stable non-diabetic 33,123 70.7 1869* 65.6* 739* 60.1*
 Health deterioration 1545 3.3 83 2.9 51 4.1
 Non-diabetic to death/loss to follow-up 12,190 26.0 898* 31.5* 440* 35.8*
TOTAL: diabetic (baseline) 6461 12.1 413 12.7 248* 16.8*
Females Non-migrants Western migrants Non-western migrants
N % N % N %
TOTAL: good healtha (baseline) 41,424 65.6 2682* 61.4* 928 62.7
 Stable good health 25,887 62.5 1600* 59.7* 514* 55.4*
 Health deterioration 6016 14.5 383 14.3 123 13.3
 Good health to death/loss to follow-up 9521 23.0 699* 26.1* 291* 31.4*
TOTAL: poor health (baseline) 21,760 34.4 1688* 38.6* 552 37.3
 Stable poor health 11,338 52.1 863 51.1 242* 43.8*
 Health improvement 4293 19.7 264* 15.6* 90 16.3
 Poor health to death/loss to follow-up 6129 28.2 561* 33.2* 220* 39.9*
TOTAL: non-depressed (baseline) 42,621 68.9 2794* 65.6* 830* 59.1*
 Stable non-depressed 25,932 60.8 1589* 56.9* 441* 53.1*
 Health deterioration 6057 14.2 389 13.9 111 13.4
 Non-depressed to death/loss to follow-up 10,632 24.9 816* 29.2* 278* 33.5*
TOTAL: depressed (baseline) 19,194 31.1 1463* 34.4* 574* 40.9*
 Stable depressed 8129 42.4 609 41.6 236 41.1
 Health improvement 5712 29.8 401 27.4 119* 20.7*
 Depressed to death/loss to follow-up 5353 27.9 453* 31.0* 219* 38.2*
TOTAL: non-diabetic (baseline) 56,917 90.2 3923 89.8 1294* 87.5*
 Stable non-diabetic 41,465 72.9 2717* 69.3* 820* 63.4*
 Health deterioration 1460 2.6 100 2.5 40 3.1
 Non-diabetic to death/loss to follow-up 13,992 24.6 1106* 28.2* 434* 33.5*
TOTAL: diabetic (baseline) 6218 9.8 445 10.2 185* 12.5*
  1. Source: Own calculations based on data from respondents aged 50 and older in 10 southern and western European countries in SHARE (2004–2015)
  2. *Proportion statistically significantly different from that of non-migrants (p < 0.05)
  3. aThe category “good” self-rated health consists of the original categories “excellent”, “very good” and “good”. Additional analyses revealed that the proportions of transitions within these three original states did not differ between older migrants and non-migrants