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Table 4 General characteristics of the EPIC-Potsdam population according to the degree of adherence to diet scores

From: Nordic diet, Mediterranean diet, and the risk of chronic diseases: the EPIC-Potsdam study

   Nordic diet score tMDS score MedPyr score
Variable Total population
(n = 23,485)
Low adherence (n = 7686)
0–7 points
High adherence (n = 7637)
11–18 points
Low adherence (n = 7077)
0–7 points
High adherence (n = 6709)
11–18 points
Low adherence (n = 7828)
< 6.2 points
High adherence (n = 7828)
> 7.3 points
Sex (% of male) 38.9 39.0 39.3 35.8 41.1 38.8 38.1
Age at recruitment 49.8 (8.9) 48.5 (8.6) 50.8 (8.9) 49.1 (9.0) 50.1 (8.8) 50.7 (9.1) 48.9 (8.6)
BMI (kg/m2) 26.1 (4.2) 25.8 (4.2) 26.3 (4.2) 26.1 (4.4) 26.0 (4.1) 26.2 (4.4) 26.0 (4.1)
% BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 55.9 53.1 58.1 55.4 54.8 56.6 55.0
Waist circumference (cm) 85.6 (12.8) 84.8 (12.9) 86.4 (12.5) 85.2 (13.0) 85.5 (12.7) 86.0 (12.9) 85.2 (12.8)
Prevalent hypertension (%) 46.1 43.4 48.9 44.6 46.9 47.5 44.9
Current or former smokers (%) 51.2 57.4 45.5 52.2 50.0 50.6 51.4
Education; university degree (%) 37.7 36.5 39.0 30.9 44.6 29.5 44.9
Total sport (h/week)a 2.0 (0.0–4.0) 1.5 (0.0–3.5) 2.0 (0.5–5.0) 1.5 (0.0–3.5) 2.0 (0.5–5.0) 1.5 (0.0–3.5) 2.0 (0.5–4.5)
  1. Data are shown as mean (SD) unless otherwise stated
  2. BMI body mass index, MedPyr Mediterranean diet score based on the Mediterranean Pyramid, tMDS Mediterranean diet score based on that established by Trichopoulou et al. [30]
  3. aData are shown as median (IQR)