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Table 6 Prospective associations between the diet scores and certain disease outcomes stratified by sex in the EPIC-Potsdam cohort

From: Nordic diet, Mediterranean diet, and the risk of chronic diseases: the EPIC-Potsdam study

  Low adherence Moderate adherence High adherence p for trend per SD per 1 unit p for interaction
(Ref.) HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI
Nordic diet score and stroke 0.071
 Men  
  Cases, n/person-year 63/31,471 60/33,485 52/32,401       
  Fully adjusted model 1.00 0.95 0.65–1.37 0.85 0.56–1.29 0.406 0.88 0.74–1.04 0.96 0.91–1.01  
 Women  
  Cases, n/person-year 45/50,458 40/54,556 61/50,359       
  Fully adjusted model 1.00 0.72 0.46–1.12 1.05 0.68–1.64 0.913 1.06 0.87–1.28 1.02 0.96–1.08  
Mediterranean pyramid score and myocardial infarction 0.070
 Men
  Cases, n/person-year 82/31,889 75/32,219 61/32,325       
  Fully adjusted model 1.00 0.97 0.71–1.34 0.87 0.62–1.22 0.397 0.98 0.86–1.13 0.99 0.88–1.10  
 Women
  Cases, n/person-year 41/51,641 29/52,014 24/52,174       
  Fully adjusted model 1.00 0.80 0.50–1.30 0.77 0.45–1.30 0.313 0.81 0.65–1.00 0.84 0.71–1.00  
  1. Fully adjusted model: age, sex, smoking status, education, total energy (kcal/day), vitamin supplementation, body mass index (kg/m2), waist circumference (cm), cycling, sports, prevalent hypertension, alcohol intake (7 categories) (only for the Nordic diet analysis)
  2. SD standard deviation, HR Hazard ratio, CI confidence interval