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Table 4 Service use and care seeking in women included in the study compared between intervention and control villages

From: Can community health worker home visiting improve care-seeking and maternal and newborn care practices in fragile states such as Afghanistan? A population-based intervention study

  Number (%) of mothers in intervention villages Number (%) of mothers in control villages Crude mean difference (95% CI) p value Adjusted mean differencea (95% CI) p value
Antenatal care
Attended at least one antenatal care visit with a skilled healthcare provider in the previous 6 months
 Baseline (n = 1400) 507 (71.5%) 558 (80.8%)     
 Endline (n = 1366) 513 (74.9%) 483 (70.9%)     
 Difference 3.38% −9.82% 13.21% (6.7 to 19.7) < 0.0001 10.54% (4.2 to 16.9) 0.001
Care seeking for antenatal or delivery complications
 Baseline (n = 866) 329 (75.8%) 352 (81.5%)     
 Endline (n = 576) 229 (77.9%) 215 (76.2%)     
 Difference 2.10% −5.30% 7.33% (−1.4 to 16.0) 0.10 2.81% (−6.2 to 11.8) 0.54
Delivery care
Facility delivery
 Baseline (n = 1407) 448 (63.2%) 488 (69.9%)     
 Endline (n = 1300) 446 (71.4%) 429 (63.6%)     
 Difference 8.20% −6.30% 14.53% (7.5 to 21.6) < 0.0001 10.97% (4.0 to 18.0) 0.002
Delivery attended by a skilled birth attendant
 Baseline (n = 1407) 454 (64.0%) 499 (71.5%)     
 Endline (n = 1320) 479 (74.2%) 428 (63.5%)     
 Difference 9.8% −8.0% 18.1% (11.1 to 25.1) < 0.0001 14.22% (7.3 to 21.2) < 0.0001
Sought care for complications during delivery or postpartum
 Baseline (n = 655) 268 (82.5%) 292 (85.9%)     
 Endline (n = 377) 170 (87.6%) 164 (89.6%)     
 Difference 5.10% 3.70% 1.43% (−7.3 to 10.2) 0.75 2.36% (−6.8 to 11.5) 0.61
Postnatal care
Attended at least one postnatal care visit with a skilled healthcare provider in the previous 6 months
 Baseline (n = 1392) 337 (47.9%) 369 (53.6%)     
 Endline (n = 1309) 319 (49.6%) 300 (45.1%)     
 Difference 1.7% −8.5% 10.33% (2.8 to 17.9) 0.0072 7.20% (0.2 to 14.2) 0.04
Sought care for maternal postnatal complications
 Baseline (n = 739) 210 (61.4%) 302 (76.1%)     
 Endline (n = 486) 165 (73.3%) 189 (72.4%)     
 Difference 11.90% −3.70% 15.59% (5.2 to 26.0) 0.0032 14.0% (4.05 to 23.9) 0.006
  1. aAdjusted for clustering by district, maternal age, maternal education and paternal education