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Table 5 Birth preparedness and newborn care practices in women included in the study compared between intervention and control villages

From: Can community health worker home visiting improve care-seeking and maternal and newborn care practices in fragile states such as Afghanistan? A population-based intervention study

   Number (%) of mothers in intervention villages Number (%) of mothers in control villages Crude mean difference (95% CI) p value Adjusted mean differencea (95% CI) p value
Birth preparedness
Saved money for transportation for emergency obstetric care
 Baseline (n = 1377) 475 (67.6%) 405 (60.1%)     
 Endline (n = 1226) 373 (60.7%) 286 (46.8%)     
 Difference −6.90% −13.30% 6.36% (−1.1 to 13.8) 0.10 2.31% (−4.8 to 9.4) 0.53
Arranged blood donors
 Baseline (n = 1365) 172 (24.9%) 84 (12.4%)     
 Endline (n = 1192) 123 (20.9%) 98 (16.3%)     
 Difference −4.00% 3.90% −7.91% (−13.9 to –1.9) 0.0098 −9.59% (−15.4 to –3.8) 0.0013
Pre-planned for a skilled birth attendant
 Baseline (n = 1345) 467 (68.2%) 396 (55.9%)     
 Endline (n = 1226) 339 (55.7%) 238 (38.6%)     
 Difference −12.50% −17.30% 4.83% (−2.7 to 12.4) 0.21 5.32% (−2.0 to 12.7) 0.16
Breastfeeding
Initiated breastfeeding within the first hour after birth
 Baseline (n = 1216) 471 (77.9%) 341 (55.8%)     
 Endline (n = 1037) 345 (67.4%) 387 (73.7%)     
 Difference −10.50% 17.90% −28.4% (−35.9 to –20.8) < 0.0001 −28.22% (−35.7 to –20.8) < 0.0001
Currently breastfeeding
 Baseline (n = 1385) 659 (93.2%) 640 (94.4%)     
 Endline (n = 1366) 603 (93.8%) 631 (94.5%)     
 Difference 0.6% 0.1% 0.50% (−3.1 to 4.1) 0.78 1.13% (−2.4 to 4.7) 0.39
  1. aAdjusted for clustering by district, maternal age, maternal education and paternal education