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Table 1 Summary of studies included

From: How are health-related behaviours influenced by a diagnosis of pre-diabetes? A meta-narrative review

Author Paper no Research perspective Study design Study population Theory or framework used CASP score CERQual score
Hindhede 2014 [29, 30] 1,2 Social realist In-depth semi-structured interviews 10 individuals participating in intervention; focus groups with 14 clinicians Bourdieu: habitus
Giddens: agency/structure
Weber: choices/chances
9 1
Greenhalgh 2015 [31] 3 Social realist Group storytelling and in-depth narrative interviews South Asian women with a history of GDM, 17 in focus groups and 28 individual narratives Glass and McAtee’s axis of nested hierarchies influencing behaviours and disease risk Giddens: agency/structure
Weber: choices/chances
9 1
Jallinoja 2008 [32] 4 Biomedical Structured focus groups with pre-defined questions 30 individuals interviewed after a lifestyle intervention. No explicit theoretical framework, though references to Giddens’s reflexivity and individuality and self-determination theory 9 0.5
Walker 2012 [28] 5 Psychological Structured focus groups 29 people a year after a lifestyle intervention Health action process approach (Schwarzer) 8 0.5
Troughton 2008 [36] 6 Biomedical 1:1 semi-structured interviews 15 participants, 40% with South Asian ethnicity Leventhal’s self-regulatory model of illness behaviour referred to in discussion but not in analysis 8 0.1
Satterfield 2003 [35] 7 Biomedical Open-ended focus groups 235 persons from a mixed US population None 7 0.1
Tang 2015 [38] 8 Psychological Semi-structured interviews 23 women with a history of GDM within the last year Health belief model 9 0.5
Vlaar 2014 [27] 9 Psychological Structured questionnaire (Likert scales) 535 people in a randomised controlled trial on diabetes prevention Leventhal’s self-regulatory model of illness behaviour 9 1
Kim 2007 [24] 10 Psychological Telephone or written survey 217 women of white ethnicity with a history of GDM Health belief model 8 0.5
Jones 2011 [25] 11 Psychological Quantitative survey with semi-structured interview 22 women with a history of GDM within the last 7 years. Risk perception attitude framework 8 0.5
Morrison 2014 [33] 12 Biomedical Semi-structured interviews 20 trial participants and four family volunteers None 9 0.5
Penn 2015 [34] 13 Biomedical Semi-structured interviews 15 intervention participants from a South Asian ethnic group None (theoretical domains framework used in structure coding) 8 0.5
Kolb 2015 [26] 14 Psychological 60-item multi-choice survey 54 black or Hispanic women Trans-theoretical model of stages of change 8 1
Morrison 2010 [39] 15 Biomedical Cross-sectional analysis of national survey 1381 women with a history of GDM None 9 1
Penn 2018 [37] 16 Biomedical Semi-structured interviews and focus group as part of an evaluation 21 people with pre-diabetes undertaking DPP None 9 1
  1. DPP Diabetes Prevention Programme, GDM gestational diabetes