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Table 1 Means, standard deviations and frequencies for demographic and domain (individual, family, school, community) variables investigated in this study of young refugees (N = 694)

From: Adjustment of refugee children and adolescents in Australia: outcomes from wave three of the Building a New Life in Australia study

  Total group Age category
5–11 years 11–13 years 14–17 years
Demographicsa
 N 597 (52.9% male) 216 (52.3% male) 169 (53.2% male) 212 (53.0% male)
 Age (M, SD) 11.6 (3.6) 7.5 (1.7) 12.0 (0.81) 15.5 (1.1)
  Often use carer language 69.7% 66.8% 70.7% 71.8%
  Often use English 82.3% 84.8% 82.9% 79.2%
Individual domain
Physical healtha
  Rating of physical health (range 1–5) 4.05 (0.04) 4.08 (0.07) 4.12 (0.07) 3.96 (0.07)
  Physical activity in past week (days) 2.49 (0.10) 2.61 (0.18) 2.67 (0.17) 2.27 (0.14)
Family domain
Family structurea
  Couple with children under 18 45.0% 73.2% 54.0% 19.3%
  Couple with children under 18 and other family 32.6% 18.3% 23.2% 47.9%
  Single with children under 18 9.1% 6.7% 8.4% 11.3%
  Single with children under 18 and other family 13.3% 1.7% 14.5% 21.5%
Parenting stylea
  Parenting warmth (range 5–25) 20.42 (3.77) 21.27 (3.31) 20.30 (4.03) 19.62 (3.83)
  Parenting harshness (range 5–25) 9.22 (3.72) 8.76 (3.08) 9.72 (4.27) 9.29 (3.81)
School domain
 School achievement average or above averagea 93.9% 94.0% 94.0% 93.6%
 Achievement awardb 22.7% 21.2% 23.8%
 Absenteeism (days per 4 weeks)a 1.13 (0.11) 0.87 (0.14) 0.94 (0.13) 1.45 (0.21)
Community domain
 Extracurricular engagementb 87.5% 88.2% 86.9%
Neighbourhood feels safea
  Agree 96.5% 98.3% 94.7% 95.9%
  Disagree 3.5% 1.7% 5.3% 4.1%
Neighbourhood friendlya
  Agree 96.7% 98.7% 93.4% 96.9%
  Disagree 3.3% 1.3% 6.6% 3.1%
Ethnic or religious community supporta
  Yes 32.6% 34.8% 34.5% 30.0%
  Sometimes 21.9% 24.3% 19.9% 21.1%
  No 45.5% 41.0% 45.6% 49.0%
  1. Note. Values are reported in the form of either M(SD) or percentages where indicated. Based on weighted data
  2. aCaregiver-reported information
  3. bChild-reported information