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Table 3 Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) categorisation rates for boys and girls in the Building a New Life in Australia (BNLA) young refugee sample

From: Adjustment of refugee children and adolescents in Australia: outcomes from wave three of the Building a New Life in Australia study

  Boys Girls
Normal Borderline Abnormal Normal Borderline Abnormal
Parent-Report (5–10, n = 216) (N = 109) (N = 107)
 Emotional symptoms 75.2% 7.3% 17.4% 77.3% 10.3% 12.4%
 Conduct problems 76.1% 9.2% 14.7% 81.4% 9.3% 9.3%
 Hyperactivity symptoms 80.7% 8.3% 11.0% 88.7% 6.2% 5.2%
 Peer problems 57.8% 13.8% 28.4% 62.9% 17.5% 19.6%
 Prosocial behaviour 81.7% 9.2% 9.2% 91.8% 2.1% 6.2%
 SDQ total difficulties 75.9% 9.3% 14.8% 84.4% 10.4% 5.2%
Self-report (11–13, n = 170) (N = 88) (N = 82)
 Emotional symptoms 85.1% 5.7% 9.2% 75.3% 11.1% 13.6%
 Conduct problems 92.0% 3.4% 4.6% 85.2% 7.4% 7.4%
 Hyperactivity symptoms 93.2% 1.1% 5.7% 96.3% 1.2% 2.4%
 Peer problems 83.1% 14.5% 2.4% 86.7% 13.3% 0.0%
 Prosocial behaviour 94.2% 3.5% 2.3% 95.1% 1.2% 3.7%
 SDQ total difficulties 90.5% 8.3% 1.2% 90.1% 3.7% 6.2%
Self-report (14–17, n = 243) (N = 128) (N = 115)
 Emotional symptomsa 86.7% 7.0% 6.3% 68.7% 14.8% 16.5%
 Conduct problems 91.4% 4.7% 3.9% 87.0% 7.0% 6.1%
 Hyperactivity symptoms 97.6% 1.6% 0.8% 95.6% 4.4% 0.0%
 Peer problems 77.3% 22.7% 0.0% 72.7% 25.5% 1.8%
 Prosocial behaviour 89.9% 6.2% 3.9% 91.2% 3.5% 5.3%
 SDQ total difficultiesa 93.7% 6.3% 0.0% 80.4% 15.2% 4.5%
  1. aIndicates significant gender differences (p < 0.05) based on χ2 tests