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Table 5 Ranking of the study designs of the RCTs identified in the methodological review of interventions to improve the peer review process according experts

From: Designs of trials assessing interventions to improve the peer review process: a vignette-based survey

  Studies identified Ranking according to experts*
No. of studies Study type Setting Type of manuscript Preference Trust Feasibility
Training 6 - 5 randomized controlled trial of peer reviewers
- 1 cross-sectional study
Single journal - Real manuscripts
- 1 RCT with fabricated manuscript
8/24 (4 RCTs)
21/24 (1 RCT)
11/24 (4 RCTs)
22/24 (1 RCT)
9/24 (4 RCTs)
6/24 (1 RCT)
Use of reporting guidelines checklist 2 Randomized controlled trial of manuscripts Single journal Real manuscripts 5/13 5/13 2/13
Adding an expert 2 Randomized controlled trial of manuscripts Single journal Real manuscripts 8/10 8/10 1/10
  1. *The cross-sectional design was not included in the vignette study