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Table 1 Details of the studies included (N = 33)

From: Complex interactions between malaria and malnutrition: a systematic literature review

Author, year, reference Country Region Study design Topics of interest*
Akiyama 2016 [46] Lao PDR South East Asia Cross-sectional 1a, 1c
Alexandre 2015 [47] Brazilian Amazon Latin America Longitudinal 1a
Arinaitwe 2012 [48] Uganda Africa Longitudinal 1a, 1c
Ayana 2015 [49] Ethiopia Africa Retrospective cohort 1a, 1b, 1c
Bilal Shikur 2016 [28] Ethiopia Africa Case-control 1b
Crookston 2010 [50] Ghana Africa Cross-sectional 1a
Custodio 2009 [30] Equatorial Guinea Africa Survey 1a, 1b, 1c
Deen 2002 [10] Gambia Africa Longitudinal 1a, 1b, 1c
Denoeud-Ndam 2016 [35] Mali, Niger Africa Non-randomised comparative trial 2
Deribew 2010 [51] Ethiopia Africa Cross-sectional 1a, 1b, 1c
Ehrhardt 2006 [11] Ghana Africa Survey 1b, 1c
El Samani 1987 [52] Sudan Africa Cross-sectional 1c
Fillol 2009 [27] Senegal Africa Longitudinal 1a, 1b, 1c
Friedman 2005 [26] Kenya Africa Survey 1a, 1b
Genton 1998 [14] Papua New Guinea Oceania Longitudinal 1a, 1b
Jeremiah 2007 [53] Nigeria Africa Cross-sectional 1c
Kateera 2015 [54] Rwanda Africa Cross-sectional 1a, 1b, 1c
Maketa 2015 [55] Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) Africa Cross-sectional 1a
Mamiro 2005 [56] Tanzania Africa Cross-sectional 1a
Mitangala 2012 [34] Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) Africa Therapeutic efficacy study 2
Mitangala 2013 [21] Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) Africa Survey 1a, 1b, 1c
Muller 2003 [18] Burkina Faso Africa Longitudinal 1a, 1b, 1c
Nyakeriga 2004 [6] Kenya Africa Longitudinal 1a, 1c
Obua 2008 [33] Uganda Africa Therapeutic efficacy study 2
Snow 1991 [17] Gambia Africa Longitudinal 1a, 1b, 1c
Sumbele 2015 [57] Cameroon Africa Cross-sectional 1a, 1b, 1c
Takakura 2001 [29] Lao PDR South East Asia Survey 1b
Tonglet 1999 [32] Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) Africa Longitudinal 1a, 1c
Uscategui Penuela 2009 [58] Colombia Latin America Cross-sectional 1a, 1b
Verhoef 2002 [13] Kenya Africa Survey 1a, 1b
Verret 2011 [22] Uganda Africa Longitudinal 1a, 1c, 2
William 1997 [31] Vanuatu Oceania Longitudinal 1b, 1c
WWARN Lumefantrine PK/PD Study Group 2015 [36] Multiple Multiple Individual patient data meta-analysis 2
  1. *Topics of Interest: Risk of malaria infection in children with (1a) stunting, (1b) wasting, (1c) underweight; (2) malnutrition and anti-malarial drug efficacy