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Table 1 Typical SES characteristics of the five pre hoc determined groups and subsequent post hoc division of group 1

From: Thresholds of socio-economic and environmental conditions necessary to escape from childhood malnutrition: a natural experiment in rural Gambia

Pre hoc assignment 1A 1B 2 3 4 5
N 8 11 46 72 65 28
Occupation One or both parents with senior MRC jobs; (e.g. scientific officer and admin staff) One parent with middle grade job at MRC (e.g. field worker); Mother likely to be housewife One farmer parent, other with lower grade job at MRC (e.g. cleaner) Farmer parents Farmer parents; father likely to be retired
Education Both parents have > 10 years at English school. Most families have one parent with university qualifications and/or post graduate diplomas from abroad Fathers have > 10 years at Arabic and English school; Mother likely to have approx. 5 years at English school One parent with approx. 5 years in English school Approx. 10 years for father and 5 years for mother in Arabic school Approx. 5 years in Arabic school for father only
Income Main income from MRC employment Main income from MRC employment Main income from MRC employment, remittances and minor produce sales Dependent on minor produce sales and remittances Dependent on remittances
Water and sanitation Plumbed hot and cold water to kitchens and bathrooms, indoor flushing toilets, modern cooking facilities Public tap for water, pit latrine exclusive to household, cook with firewood Public tap for water, pit latrine exclusive to household, cook with firewood Public tap for water, pit latrine exclusive to household, cook with firewood Public tap for water, pit latrine exclusive to household, cook with firewood Public tap for water, pit latrine shared with other households, cook with firewood
Housing European grade cement housing with ceramic tile flooring, screened windows, fans and air conditioning, located on MRC compound Local housing, cement as main material. Corrugated iron roofing. Occasional solar electricity. Unscreened windows, located in the village Local housing, cement as main material. Corrugated iron roofing. Occasional solar electricity. Unscreened windows, located in the village Local housing, cement as main material. Corrugated iron roofing. Occasional solar electricity. Unscreened windows, located in the village Local housing, cement as main material. Corrugated iron roofing. Occasional solar electricity. Unscreened windows, located in the village Basic housing; mud as main material. Corrugated iron or thatched roofing