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Table 2 Mean anthropometric scores at 24 m according to the 5 pre hoc SES categories

From: Thresholds of socio-economic and environmental conditions necessary to escape from childhood malnutrition: a natural experiment in rural Gambia

Variable Mean per SES category P value for trend
1 upper 2 upper-middle 3 middle 4 lower-middle 5 lower
N 19 46 72 65 28  
HAZ score − 0.67 3,4,5 − 1.58 − 1.69 1 − 2.16 1 − 2.23 1 < 0.001
% stunted 26 37 44 54 54  
WAZ score − 0.90 − 1.20 − 1.35 − 1.67 − 1.64 < 0.001
% underweight 31 17 19 34 43  
WHZ score − 0.63 − 0.56 − 0.63 − 0.77 − 0.68 0.255
% wasted 10 4 4 9 4  
Mothers’ heights 159.6 162.0 164.0 161.3 161.9 0.014
Fathers’ heights 173.5 4 171.3 4 170.6 167.8 1,2 170.4 < 0.001
  1. Superscripts indicate the SES groups against which values are significantly different at P < 0.01 by Scheffé’s post hoc test. For the children’s anthropometry, their parents’ heights were included in the model. Child sex was also included in the model