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Table 2 Number of deaths, mean age at death and common primary causes of death for groups with no long-term conditions, only mental health-related long-term conditions, only physical long-term conditions, and both physical and mental health-related long-term conditions

From: Morbidity, mortality and missed appointments in healthcare: a national retrospective data linkage study

  No long-term conditions
Missed appointment category Number of deaths (% of group dead) Mean age at death (SD) Most common primary causes of death (%)
Zero 262 (0.1%) 68.06 (21.09) I219 (8.4), C349 (5.7), R99 (5.7)
Low 119 (0.1%) 64.38 (21.78) R99 (10), G309 (9.2), I259 (5)
Medium 41 (0.2%) 62.56 (23.08) C349 (9.8), R99 (9.8), C221 (7.3)
High 24 (0.4%) 56.79 (27.14) R99 (25), F019 (8.3), N40 (8.3)
  Only mental health-related long-term conditions
Missed appointment category Number of deaths (% of group dead) Mean age at death (SD) Most common primary causes of death
Zero 69 (0.2%) 55.72 (20) R99 (11.6), X70 (10.1), I219 (8.7)
Low 83 (0.4%) 54.68 (18.79) R99 (21.6), X70 (12), I219 (6)
Medium 58 (0.6%) 53.1 (20.18) R99 (19), X42 (6.9), Y14 (6.9)
High 53 (1.7%) 49.3 (20) R99 (32), G309 (9.4), Y14 (5.6)
  Only physical long-term conditions
Missed appointment category Number of deaths (% of group dead) Mean age at death (SD) Most common primary causes of death
Zero 1399 (0.1%) 77.12 (12.34) C349 (8.3), I219 (7.3), I259 (3.2)
Low 1361 (1.9%) 77.46 (13.36) I219 (7.3), C349 (6), I259 (4.2)
Medium 1025 (3.2%) 78.93 (12.54) C349 (8.1), I219 (6.4), I259 (4.6)
High 1241 (6.6%) 79.97 (13.27) C349 (6.1), I219 (5.8), I259 (4.2)
  Both physical and mental health-related long-term conditions
Missed appointment category Number of deaths (% of group dead) Mean age at death (SD) Most common primary causes of death
Zero 1193 (2.0%) 76.65 (13.53) G309 (7.5), F03 (6.9), I219 (6.2)
Low 1432 (2.9%) 76.56 (13.59) G309 (6.7), F03 (6.2), I219 (5.5)
Medium 1372 (4.2%) 75.01 (14.93) G309 (6), F019 (5.8), I219 (5.3)
High 2114 (7.0%) 76.19 (15.29) F019 (7.9), G309 (6.4), F03 (5.9)
  1. Key: I219 Acute myocardial infarction, unspecified; C349 Malignant neoplasm of unspecified part of bronchus or lung; R99 Ill-defined and unknown cause of mortality; G309 Alzheimer’s disease, unspecified; I259 Chronic ischemic heart disease, unspecified; C221 Intrahepatic bile duct carcinoma; F019 Vascular dementia, unspecified; N40 Benign prostatic hyperplasia; X70 Intentional self-harm by hanging, strangulation and suffocation; X42 Accidental poisoning by and exposure to narcotics and psychodysleptics [hallucinogens], not elsewhere classified; Y14 Poisoning by and exposure to other and unspecified drugs, medicaments and biological substances, undetermined intent; F03 Unspecified dementia, SD standard deviation