Skip to main content

Table 5 Intervention-level descriptive statistics (n = 29)

From: Implementation science and stigma reduction interventions in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review

  Total (%)
Regiona
 Sub-Saharan Africa 18 (62%)
 East Asia and Pacific 5 (17%)
 South Asia 3 (10%)
 Middle East and North Africa 2 (7%)
 Europe and Central Asia 1 (3%)
 Latin America and the Caribbean 1 (3%)
Associated health conditiona
 HIV/AIDS 20 (69%)
 Mental health 3 (10%)
 Leprosy 2 (7%)
 Sexually transmitted infections 2 (7%)
 Tuberculosis 1 (3%)
 Epilepsy 1 (3%)
 Podoconiosis 1 (3%)
 Lymphatic filariasis 1 (3%)
Intervention typea
 Information/Education 28 (97%)
 Skills 13 (45%)
 Counselling/Support 6 (21%)
 Contact 6 (21%)
 Structural 1 (3%)
 Biomedical 1 (3%)
Target stigma domaina
 Driver 28 (97%)
 Facilitator 4 (14%)
 Manifestation 10 (34%)
Target stigma typea
 Community 24 (83%)
 Experienced 11 (38%)
 Internalized 9 (31%)
 Anticipated 7 (24%)
Intervention levela
 Individual 23 (79%)
 Interpersonal 14 (48%)
 Organizational 6 (21%)
 Community 11 (38%)
 Public Policy 1 (3%)
TIDieR intervention specification
 Mean reporting score (SD) 60% (10%)
 Why 28 (97%)
 What materials 25 (86%)
 What procedures 28 (97%)
 Who provided 25 (86%)
 How 29 (100%)
 Where 27 (93%)
 When and how much 26 (90%)
 Tailoring 5 (17%)
 Modifications 2 (7%)
 How fidelity was assessed 4 (14%)
 Level of fidelity 3 (10%)
  1. a≥ 1 response per study possible