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Table 3 Approach by disease

From: Stigma in health facilities: why it matters and how we can change it

Approach HIV (9) MI (29) Substance abuse (2) MI + substance abuse (2) Total (42)
Information-based 7 20 1 1 29
Skills-building 4 16 1 1 22
Participatory learning 7 20 1 1 29
Contact 4 23 2 1 30
Empowerment 1 0 0 0 1
Structural 3 0 1 0 4
  1. Note: some studies used multiple approaches