Skip to main content

Table 4 Philippines cause-specific mortality fraction (CSMF) comparison

From: On the estimation of population cause-specific mortality fractions from in-hospital deaths

Cause CSMF Hospital† Deaths per hospital death model Deaths per hospital death without covariates model Community†† GBD‡
Cancer Estimate 95% CI 3.9 (3.2,4.7) 6.9 (4.8,10) 6.1 (4.6,8.1) 11.5 (10.5,12.5) 12.7 (12.5–12.9)
Diabetes Estimate 95% CI 3.8 (3.1,4.6) 4.7 (2.8,8) 4.8 (3.4,6.8) 5.5 (4.8,6.2) 4.3 (4.0,4.6)
Infections—acute Estimate 95% CI 18 (16.5,19.5) 14.7 (11.6,18.6) 15.5 (12.9,18.8) 9.4 (8.5,10.2) 11.1 (10.8,11.3)
Infections—chronic Estimate 95% CI 3.3 (2.6,4) 11.2 (4.7,26.8) 6.9 (4.6,10.2) 6.8 (6,7.5) 5.5 (5.2,5.9)
Injuries Estimate 95% CI 11.8 (10.5,13.1) 8.9 (7.1,11.2) 9.8 (8.1,11.8) 10.6 (9.6,11.5) 7.7 (7.4,7.9)
Maternal Estimate 95% CI 1.3 (0.9,1.8) 0.5 (0,0) 0.5 (0.3,0.8) 0.8 (0.5,1.1) 0.3 (0.3,0.3)
Stroke Estimate 95% CI 20.7 (19.1,22.3) 19.1 (15.8,23.1) 18 (15.6,20.9) 17.8 (16.6,18.9) 11.9 (11.1,12.7)
Other NCDs Estimate 95% CI 37.1 (35.2,39) 33.9 (29.2,39.3) 38.3 (34.2,42.9) 37.8 (36.3,39.2) 46.5 (45.9,47.1)
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, NCD non-communicable diseases
  2. † (cause assigned by medical record review), †† (cause assigned by Tariff 2.0), ‡ (2016 Global Burden of Disease Philippines national estimate)