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Table 5 Health service costs of paediatric febrile illness by sub-group

From: The cost of diagnostic uncertainty: a prospective economic analysis of febrile children attending an NHS emergency department

  Number Mean Std. dev 95% CI Median IQR p value*
Age
 0–3 months 129 £1000.28 £1469.98 £82.39–£2993.37 £76.65 £1834.10  
 3–6 months 281 £522.33 £1737.66 £122.08–£2123.51 £53.63 £55.70  
 6–12 months 1041 £205.28 £585.18 £28.26–£734.39 £51.29 £21.50  
 1–3 years 2498 £190.44 £594.95 £13.22–£643.89 £51.64 £21.60  
 3–6 years 1547 £158.97 £501.82 £20.43–£1596.43 £51.29 £19.80 p = 0.0001
 6–10 years 707 £165.92 £485.04 £11.14–£843.02 £52.98 £20.70  
 10–16 years 315 £408.32 £1030.12 £44.97–£2188.27 £55.55 £40.90  
Gender
 Male 3482 £210.17 £600.23 £38.45–£818.68 £51.29 £21.50  
 Female 3036 £238.90 £835.77 £14.13–£924.63 £53.16 £23.10 p = 0.0001
NICE NG51 heart rate red flag [27]
 Yes 2797 £259.40 £848.10 £21.76–£1015.89 £54.03 £24.60 p = 0.0001
 No 3721 £196.59 £604.38 £18.36–£699.74 £50.87 £20.30  
NICE NG51 respiratory rate red flag [27]
 Yes 394 £493.92 £1035.52 £89.16–£2011.32 £66.67 £70.45  
 No 6124 £206.15 £691.06 £23.71–£737.44 £51.29 £21.50 p = 0.0001
Clinical grade
 APNP 178 £109.52 £312.67 £12.74–£741,65 £48.01 £21.80  
 Consultant 521 £315.13 £1344.91 £25.76–£1536.36 £73.23 £40.70 p = 0.0001
 FY 1 and 2 59 £731.78 £913.38 £97.91–£1125.77 £327.98 £49.90  
 Registrar 1437 £255.40 £702.86 £19.40–£1045.91 £54.49 £23.80  
 ST1-3 4323 £199.68 £615.00 £12.51–£721.02 £49.77 £28.05  
Afterhours
 Yes 5798 £222.22 £726.36 £14.77–£776.64 £51.92 £22.40  
 No 720 £234.19 £664.61 £11.96–£913.33 £51.65 £22.00 p = 0.0018
MTS classification
 Green 3098 £121.78 £390.33 £15.81 - £400.93 £49.43 £19.05  
 Yellow 579 £424.43 £1027.90 £340.69–£508.17 £63.10 £557.35  
 Yellow/red 10 £85.71 £95.24 £71.73–£99.42 £52.33 £16.50 p = 0.0001
 Orange 1112 £487.16 £1209.15 £416.08–£558.24 £68.86 £77.05  
 Orange/red 1502 £152.13 £491.60 £123.44–£170.56 £51.84 £17.20  
 Red 26 £549.42 £813.99 £236.47–£862.35 £76.88 £1165.85  
 Not recorded 191 £292.01 £966.43 £154.93–£429.09 £50.87 £20.40  
Final diagnosis
 Bacterial infection/syndrome 460 £988.19 £1781.97 £86.89–£2971.08 £77.95 £1757.35  
 Viral infection/syndrome 1595 £294.52 £797.43 £18.92–£1082.33 £51.64 £24.25  
 Inflammatory infection/syndrome 74 £582.58 £1302.26 £37.60–£1516.05 £63.44 £1140.65 p = 0.0001
 Other or trivial infection 130 £390.06 £786.27 £22.34–£1243.30 £64.04 £187.15  
 Unknown cause 4259 £103.06 £286.52 £12.40–633.87 £51.29 £18.60  
  1. *Kruskal-Wallis test