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Table 4 Baseline characteristics

From: The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of strength and balance Exergames to reduce falls risk for people aged 55 years and older in UK assisted living facilities: a multi-centre, cluster randomised controlled trial

Assistive living facility (ALF) characteristics Control ‘usual care’
n = 9
Intervention ‘Exergames’
n = 9
Location, n
 Manchester 6 6
 Glasgow 3 3
Manchester IMD ranka, median (range, IQR) 14,844 (3319–23,972, (8839.0–18,169.25)) 19,931 (4647–26,933) (11,715.8–26,543.0)
Glasgow SIMD rankb, median (range, IQR) 2788 (1382–5907) (2085.0–4347.5) 1004 (149–5100) (576.0–3052.0)
Manchester IMD decile, median (range, IQR) 5 (2–9) 6.5 (2–9)
Glasgow SIMD decile, median (range, IQR) 4 (2–4) 2 (1–8)
Participant characteristics Control ‘usual care’
n = 50
Intervention ‘Exergames’
n = 56
Participants, n 50 56
 Manchester 32 41
 Glasgow 18 15
Female sex, n (%) 38 (76.0) 45 (80.4)
Age, years (SD/range) 77.8 (10.2/58–101) 77.9 (8.9/58–96)
Ethnicity, n (%)
 White British or Irish 50 (100) 52 (92.9)
 Asian or Asian British 0 (0.0) 1 (1.8)
 Mixed 0 (0.0) 2 (3.6)
 Other ethnic groups 0 (0.0) 1 (1.8)
Employment, n (%)
 Retired 47 (94.0) 54 (96.4)
 Doing voluntary work 1 (2.0) 1 (1.8)
 Unemployed through sickness/disability 2 (4.0) 1 (1.8)
Marital status, n (%)
 Single, never married 7 (14.0) 10 (17.9)
 Married/living with partner 8 (16.0) 2 (3.6)
 Divorced 6 (12.0) 10 (17.9)
 Separated 1 (2.0) 1 (1.8)
 Widowed 28 (56.0) 33 (58.9)
1 year history of falls, n (%)
 No falls reported (non-fallers) 21 (42) 32 (57)
 1 fall reported (single fallers) 14 (28) 7 (13)
 > 1 fall reported (multiple fallers) 15 (30) 17 (30)
Self-reported vision, n (%)
 Excellent 4 (8) 7 (13)
 Good 24 (48) 22 (39)
 Fair 16 (32) 19 (34)
 Poor 5 (10) 7 (13)
 Very poor 1 (2) 0 (0)
 Registered blind 0 (0) 1 (2)
  1. IMD and SIMD decile score ranges 1–10, where 1 is the least deprived and 10 the most deprived
  2. aThe IMD (2015) rank is the Index of Multiple Deprivation and combines a number of indicators, chosen to cover a range of social, economic and housing issues, into a single deprivation ranked score, the lower the score the more deprived
  3. bThe SIMD (2016) rank is the Scottish equivalent of the IMD rank