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Table 2 Chronic inflammatory diseases and main groups of neurodevelopmental/mental disorders in CoLaus|PsyCoLaus: frequencies and proportions

From: A step beyond the hygiene hypothesis—immune-mediated classes determined in a population-based study

  All Men Women
Chronic inflammatory diseases
 Ulcer 265 (5.4%) 136 (6.0%) 129 (4.9%)
 Irritable bowel syndrome 188 (3.9%) 52 (2.3%) 136 (5.2%)
 Cystitis 1069 (21.9%) 116 (5.1%) 953 (36.5%)
 Acne 475 (9.7%) 191 (8.4%) 284 (10.9%)
 Psoriasis 220 (4.5%) 108 (4.8%) 112 (4.3%)
 Migraine 664 (13.6%) 196 (8.7%) 468 (17.9%)
Neurodevelopmental/mental disorders1
 Neurodevelopmental disorders 353 (7.2%) 214 (9.5%) 139 (5.3%)
 Early anxiety disorders 1104 (22.7%) 377 (16.7%) 727 (27.9%)
 Late anxiety disorders 655 (16.2%) 233 (10.3%) 422 (16.2%)
 Mood disorders 2161 (44.3%) 770 (34.0%) 1391 (53.3%)
 Substance disorders 645 (13.2%) 488 (21.6%) 157 (6.0%)
  1. 1Neurodevelopmental disorders: tics, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorder (CD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD); early anxiety disorders: separation anxiety disorder, overanxious disorder, specific phobias (animals), social phobia; late anxiety disorders: generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic, agoraphobia, specific phobias (excl. animals); mood disorders: major depression disorder, dysthymia, bipolar disorders; substance disorders: alcohol, cannabis, other illicit drug abuse/dependence