Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Baseline nutritional and dietary intakes according to the quartiles of ultra-processed food consumption, NutriNet-Santé study

From: Prospective association between ultra-processed food consumption and incident depressive symptoms in the French NutriNet-Santé cohort

Nutritional factors Quartile 1 Quartile 2 Quartile 3 Quartile 4 P trenda
UPF, range 0%–10% 10%–14% 14%–19% 19%–76%  
UPF, median (IQR) 7% (3%) 12% (2%) 16% (2%) 23% (8%)  
n 6682 6683 6683 6682  
Total energy intake, Kcal/d 1830 ± 434 1913 ± 446 1921 ± 448 1934 ± 459 < 0.0001
Alcohol intake, g/d 9.5 ± 12.2 9.8 ± 12.2 8.3 ± 10.7 6.9 ± 9.9 < 0.0001
Energy intake without alcohol, Kcal/d 1764 ± 413 1845 ± 421 1863 ± 427.4 1886 ± 442 < 0.0001
Carbohydrates,% energyb 42.8 ± 6.5 43.1 ± 5.7 43.2 ± 5.7 43.6 ± 5.7 < 0.0001
Lipids, % energyb 38.2 ± 6.1 38.7 ± 5.4 38.9 ± 5.1 39.0 ± 5.3 < 0.0001
Saturated fatty acids, g/dc 31.6 ± 6.7 32.8 ± 6.5 33.4 ± 6.3 33.7 ± 6.4 < 0.0001
Monounsaturated fatty acids, g/dc 30.8 ± 6.7 30.4 ± 5.8 30.3 ± 5.6 30.2 ± 5.5 < 0.0001
Polyunsaturated fatty acids, g/dc 11.6 ± 3.9 11.4 ± 3.4 11.3 ± 3.3 11.4 ± 3.4 0.003
Omega-3 fatty acids, g/dc 1.6 ± 0.7 1.4 ± 0.6 1.4 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.6 < 0.0001
Protein, % energyb 18.6 ± 3.8 17.8 ± 3.2 17.6 ± 3.3 17.1 ± 3.4 < 0.0001
Beta-carotene, μg/dc 4031 ± 2233 3668 ± 1845 3502 ± 1927 3121 ± 1893 < 0.0001
Vitamin C, mg/dc 132 ± 58.9 122 ± 63.0 116 ± 63.0 107 ± 64.1 < 0.0001
Vitamin D, μg/dc 2.9 ± 1.8 2.8 ± 1.6 2.7 ± 1.5 2.5 ± 1.5 < 0.0001
Vitamin E, mg/dc 12.1 ± 3.6 11.7 ± 3.2 11.6 ± 3.2 11.5 ± 3.3 < 0.0001
Folic acid, μg/dc 356 ± 91.5 337.9 ± 79.7 330 ± 82.5 311 ± 86.3 < 0.0001
Vitamin B12, μg/dc 5.8 ± 4.4 5.5 ± 3.7 5.3 ± 3.7 5.0 ± 3.5 < 0.0001
Magnesium, mg/dc 367 ± 88.0 348 ± 80.3 334 ± 81.7 318 ± 86.8 < 0.0001
Fiber (g/d)c 22.0 ± 5.7 20.6 ± 5.1 19.7 ± 5.1 18.2 ± 5.6 < 0.0001
Starchy foods 213 ± 95.8 209 ± 92.2 199 ± 86.6 182 ± 83.8 < 0.0001
Fruit and vegetables 579 ± 241 530 ± 215 503 ± 215 450 ± 225 < 0.0001
Meat, fish, eggs 140 ± 64.1 134 ± 59.8 130 ± 59.8 120 ± 61.7 < 0.0001
Alcoholic drinks 113 ± 151 118 ± 150 99.1 ± 129 82.9 ± 118 < 0.0001
Beverages 1385 ± 580 1232 ± 481 1092 ± 438 945 ± 405 < 0.0001
Dairy products 231 ± 152 233 ± 137 245 ± 139 256 ± 146 < 0.0001
Fatty / sweet products 80.2 ± 51.1 99.0 ± 55.1 106 ± 58.7 116 ± 63.1 < 0.0001
snacks 104 ± 66.4 125 ± 69.5 138 ± 75.4 156 ± 86.8 < 0.0001
Sauces/added fats 28.7 ± 16.5 28.1 ± 16.1 27.4 ± 16.5 25.5 ± 16.7 < 0.0001
  1. UPF Proportion of ultra-processed food intake
  2. Values are means ± standard deviation
  3. aP trend values are based on linear contrast
  4. bValues are percentages of total daily energy intake (without alcohol)
  5. cValues were adjusted for energy intake without alcohol using the residual method