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Table 3 Characteristics of AMR-specific interventions reviewed

From: Population-level mathematical modeling of antimicrobial resistance: a systematic review

Resistance target
 Acquired 20 (17%)
 Transmitted 82 (70%)
 Both 15 (13%)
Intervention scale
 Micro 85 (73%)
 Macro 32 (27%)
 Both 0
Recommended strategies to combat AMR
 1. Education or awareness campaigns 3 (3%)
 2. Improved hygiene and Infection Control 59 (50%)
 3. Reduction in use of antimicrobials 16 (14%)
 4. Improved surveillance of resistance 32 (27%)
 5. Improved and rapid diagnostics 10 (9%)
 6. Vaccines and alternatives 11 (9%)
 7. Changes to drug regimens 46 (39%)
  1. We categorized the interventions from 117 studies that were specifically aimed at blocking AMR based on whether the interventions targeted acquired or transmitted resistance, the scale of interventions, and the type of intervention strategy modeled, motivated by the categories identified in a seminal report [18]. It should be noted that several models investigated the effects of more than one intervention; therefore, the sum of total strategies evaluated (n = 177) exceeds the total number of studies evaluated (n = 117).