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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the hospitals (n = 22), patients (n = 2138) and newborns (n = 2313)

From: DECIDE: a cluster-randomized controlled trial to reduce unnecessary caesarean deliveries in Burkina Faso

  Intervention Control
Hospitals (n = 11) Patients (n = 1060) Hospitals (n = 11) Patients (n = 1078)
Hospital characteristics
 Type of hospital
  Regional hospitals 5 500 (47.16) 4 400 (37.10)
  District hospitals in main cities 2 200 (18.86) 3 300 (27.82)
  Other district hospitals 4 360 (33.96) 4 378 (35.06)
 Healthcare professionals per hospital, mean (SD)
  Obstetrician-gynaecologist 1.7 (2.8)   1.6 (2.8)  
  General practitioner 0.7 (0.6) 0.4 (0.5)
  Midwife 19.3 (6.4) 20.3 (7.6)
Patient characteristics
 Maternal age > 35 years   107 (10.09)   108 (10.01)
 Nulliparous 397 (37.45) 403 (37.38)
 Previous caesarean section 249 (23.49) 214 (19.85)
 No prenatal visit 412 (38.86) 383 (35.52)
 Any pathology during current pregnancy 241 (22.73) 245 (22.72)
 Multiple pregnancy 68 (6.41) 61 (5.65)
Presentation of infant
 Cephalic   930 (87.73)   963 (89.33)
 Breech 76 (7.16) 77 (7.14)
 Transverse 54 (5.09) 38 (3.50)
 Referral during labour 715 (67.45) 760 (70.50)
 Induced labour 11 (1.03) 14 (1.29)
Caesarean indication
 Foetal distress   342 (32.16)   328 (30.42)
 Prolonged or obstructed labour 252 (23.77) 256 (23.74)
 Previous caesarean section 187 (17.64) 191 (17.71)
 Pre-eclampsia 71 (6.69) 62 (5.75)
 Other indication 208 (19.62) 241 (22.35)
Caesarean decision-maker
 Obstetrician-gynaecologist   541 (51.03)   550 (51.02)
 General practitioner 290 (27.35) 295 (27.36)
 Midwife 229 (21.60) 233 (21.61)
Time of caesarean indication
 Planned before labour   181 (17.07)   173 (16.04)
 Emergency intrapartum 879 (82.93) 905 (83.95)
Neonatal birth weight
 < 1500 g   17 (1.46)   19 (1.65)
 1500–2499 g 152 (13.08) 182 (15.81)
 2500–3999 g 923 (79.43) 913 (79.32)
 ≥ 4000 g 62 (5.33) 45 (3.90)
  1. Values are the number with the indicated characteristic/number in the group (percentage) unless stated otherwise