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Table 3 Association between covariates and risk of liver outcomes: cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. Using a 1-step Cox model stratified by database

From: Risks and clinical predictors of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma diagnoses in adults with diagnosed NAFLD: real-world study of 18 million patients in four European cohorts

  NAFLD/NASH HR (95% CI) Matched control HR (95% CI)
Smoking status (current/not current) 1.19 (0.94; 1.51) 1.50 (1.41; 1.60)
Age (years) 1.04 (1.03; 1.05) 1.04 (1.03; 1.04)
History of diabetes (yes/no) 2.30 (1.90; 2.78) 2.92 (2.76; 3.08)
History of hypertension (yes/no) 0.92 (0.76; 1.12) 1.07 (1.01; 1.13)
BMI (kg/m2) 1.01 (1.00; 1.03) 1.04 (1.03; 1.04)