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Table 1 Prevalence and characteristics of specific phobia

From: Childhood generalized specific phobia as an early marker of internalizing psychopathology across the lifespan: results from the World Mental Health Surveys

  Any specific phobia Any early-onset specific phobia Number of subtypes Test of linear effect
1 2 3 4+  
% (SE) % (SE) % (SE) % (SE) % (SE) % (SE) OR (95% CI) p value
Lifetime prevalence 7.6 (0.1) 5.9 (0.1) 3.3 (0.1) 1.5 (0.0) 0.6 (0.0) 0.5 (0.0)
12-month prevalence 5.7 (0.1) 4.4 (0.1) 2.4 (0.1) 1.1 (0.0) 0.5 (0.0) 0.4 (0.0)
Persistence 74.3 (0.6) 75.2 (0.7) 73.4 (0.9) 75.2 (1.3) 77.6 (1.8) 85.2 (1.8) 1.2* (1.1–1.3) < 0.001
Severe disability 19.1 (0.6) 19.7 (0.6) 17.5 (0.8) 20.2 (1.4) 24.0 (2.0) 26.5 (2.4) 1.3* (1.1–1.4) < 0.001
Treatment for specific phobia 22.4 (0.5) 20.8 (0.6) 19.1 (0.8) 22.9 (1.2) 22.4 (1.7) 22.8 (2.0) 1.1* (1.0–1.2) 0.004
  1. *p < 0.005