Skip to main content

Table 2 Cause-specific mortality fractions (CSMFs) by age group for 4009 deaths from the Afghanistan Mortality Survey verbal autopsy dataset, with cause of death determined by the InterVA-5 model using datasets extracted on the basis of WHO-2016, WHO-2012 and Tariff-2 indicator formats. Causes of death are shown in WHO-2016 categories, as well as in broad groups

From: An integrated approach to processing WHO-2016 verbal autopsy data: the InterVA-5 model

WHO-2016 cause category CSMF % ≥ 5 years CSMF % < 5 years
WHO-2016 WHO-2012 Tariff-2 WHO-2016 WHO-2012 Tariff-2
01.01 Sepsis (non-obstetric) 0.02 0.04 0.18 0.64 0.32 1.21
01.02 Acute resp infect incl pneumonia 2.20 3.24 3.52 12.24 14.27 12.68
01.03 HIV/AIDS related death 0.75 1.02 0 0.33 0.10 0.10
01.04 Diarrhoeal diseases 2.80 3.08 0.59 14.25 10.91 6.92
01.05 Malaria 0.05 0.30 0 0.03 0.18 0
01.06 Measles 0.05 0 0 0.17 0.05 0.07
01.07 Meningitis and encephalitis 1.26 1.46 1.49 2.06 2.52 2.30
01.08 Tetanus 0 0.05 0    
01.09 Pulmonary tuberculosis 10.62 12.37 6.97 0.15 0.15 0.13
01.10 Pertussis     0.35 0.05 0.78
01.11 Haemorrhagic fever (non-dengue) 0.23 0.04 0 0 0 0.05
01.12 Dengue fever     0.09 0 0.20
01.99 Other and unspecified infectious disease 0.82 0.50 0.66 0.28 0.14 1.41
02.01 Oral neoplasms 0.35 0.69 0.34    
02.02 Digestive neoplasms 8.24 7.37 9.74    
02.03 Respiratory neoplasms 4.15 4.49 1.97    
02.04 Breast neoplasms 0.96 0.96 0.37    
02.05 & 02.06 Reproductive neoplasms m&f 0.68 0.91 0.56    
02.99 Other and unspecified neoplasms 5.96 4.25 2.88 0.10 0 0.20
03.01 Severe anaemia 0.08 0.18 0.03 0 0 0.04
03.02 Severe malnutrition 2.20 4.08 0.23 5.92 8.21 2.54
03.03 Diabetes mellitus 1.45 1.85 4.07 0.05 0 0.39
04.01 Acute cardiac disease 4.73 2.24 5.24    
04.02 Stroke 7.25 6.00 3.73 0 0 0.03
04.99 Other and unspecified cardiac disease 5.67 3.71 5.75 0 0 0.12
05.01 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 0.97 1.58 1.24    
05.02 Asthma 0.39 0.65 0.60 0 0 0.05
06.01 Acute abdomen 0.39 1.84 1.65 0.05 0.13 1.34
06.02 Liver cirrhosis 1.58 1.02 4.70 0 0.09 2.12
07.01 Renal failure 0.74 0.33 2.16 0 0 0.17
08.01 Epilepsy 0.41 0.50 0.64 0.10 0.10 0.81
09.02 Abortion-related death 0.05 0 0.27    
09.03 Pregnancy-induced hypertension 0.99 0.99 0.31    
09.04 Obstetric haemorrhage 1.73 1.73 2.10    
09.05 Obstructed labour 0 0.03 0    
09.06 Pregnancy-related sepsis 0.04 0.09 0.08    
09.07 Anaemia of pregnancy 0 0 0.11    
09.08 Ruptured uterus 0.08 0.05 0.48    
09.99 Other and unspecified maternal cause 0 0 0.14    
10.01 Prematurity     6.99 3.31 6.85
10.02 Birth asphyxia     9.22 9.43 5.25
10.03 Neonatal pneumonia     4.81 6.55 6.82
10.04 Neonatal sepsis     1.36 2.15 1.07
10.06 Congenital malformation     3.48 3.31 3.43
10.99 Other and unspecified neonatal cause     1.10 2.79 1.83
11.01 Fresh stillbirth     18.27 19.71 16.91
11.02 Macerated stillbirth     3.58 4.05 4.05
12.01 Road traffic accident 7.13 5.07 5.21 0.66 0.66 0.65
12.03 Accidental fall 1.48 0.84 0.88 0.58 0.49 0.60
12.04 Accidental drowning and submersion 1.01 0.79 0.79 0.67 0.67 0.70
12.05 Accidental exposure to smoke fire & flame 0.44 0.38 0.35 0.35 0.30 0.35
12.06 Contact with venomous plant/animal 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.36 0.41 0.41
12.07 Accidental poisoning & noxious substances 0.13 0.12 0.06 0 0.08 0
12.08 Intentional self-harm 0.77 0.77 0.41    
12.09 Assault 4.99 5.78 4.86 0.05 0.05 0.05
12.99 Other and unspecified external cause 0.26 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.10 0.10
98 Other and unspecified NCD 1.17 1.51 1.78 0 0 0.04
99 Indeterminate 14.60 16.70 22.57 11.56 8.71 17.23
Broad groups
 Infections 18.80 22.10 13.41 30.59 28.69 25.85
 Neoplasms 20.34 18.67 15.86 0.10 0 0.20
 Cardiovascular diseases 17.65 11.95 14.72 0 0 0.15
 Other non-communicable diseases 9.37 13.55 17.10 6.12 8.54 7.50
 Maternal and neonatal causes 2.89 2.89 3.49 26.96 27.54 25.25
 Stillbirths     21.85 23.76 20.96
 External causes 16.35 14.14 12.85 2.82 2.76 2.86
 Indeterminate 14.60 16.70 22.57 11.56 8.71 17.23