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Table 1 Estimates of some national representation for the number and population proportion of FSWs, and the number and population proportion of clients of FSWs, in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) reported by identified studies

From: HIV epidemiology among female sex workers and their clients in the Middle East and North Africa: systematic review, meta-analyses, and meta-regressions

  Country Author, year [citation] Year(s) of data collection Estimation methodology Sample type Reported size estimate
Time frame N Range %* Range*
FSWs Egypt Bahaa, 2010 [31] 2004–2008 Convenience sample (self-report) Women seeking VCT testing NR NR NR 0.4 NR
Jacobsen, 2014 [32] 2014 Enumeration (time-location geographical mapping) FSWs in urban locations Current 22,986 6460–26,792 0.24 NR
Djibouti WHO, 2011 [33] 2009 NR FSWs NR 1000 NR NR NR
WHO, 2011 [33] 2011 Capture-recapture FSWs Current 2218 NR NR NR
Iran WHO, 2011 [33] 2010 Network scale-up General pop Current 80,000 NR NR NR
Sharifi, 2017 [34] 2015 Multiplier unique object FSWs Current 19,800 10,900–38,100 0.31 0.17–0.58
Sharifi, 2017 [34] 2015 Network scale-up General pop Current 98,500 87,000–109,400 1.54 1.36–1.71
Sharifi, 2017 [34] 2015 Wisdom of the crowds FSWs Current 152,200 93,400–21,4300 2.38 1.46–3.35
Lebanon Kahhaleh, 2009 [35] 1996 Pop-based survey (self-report) General pop (15–49 years) Past 12 M NR NR 0.54 NR
Kahhaleh, 2009 [35] 2004 Pop-based survey (self-report) General pop (15–49 years) Past 12 M NR NR 0.53 NR
Morocco WHO, 2011 [33] 2010 NR FSWs Current 67,000 NR NR NR
Bennani, 2013 [36] 2011 Multiplier unique object FSWs Past 6 M 85,000 NR NR NR
MOH, 2013 [37] 2013 Pop-based survey (self-report) Young women (15–24 years) Lifetime NR NR 6.9 NR
MOH, 2013 [37] 2013 Pop-based survey (self-report) Young women (15–24 years) Current NR NR 2.4 NR
Pakistan NACP, 2005 [38] (round I) 2005 Enumeration (time-location geographical mapping) Brothel, kothikhana, home, and street-based FSWs Current 35,050 30,300–39,800 0.78 NR
Emmanuel, 2010 [39] (round II) 2006 Enumeration (time-location geographical mapping) Brothel, kothikhana, home, and street-based FSWs Current 167,501 NR 0.44 NR
Emmanuel, 2013 [40, 41] (round IV) 2011–2012 Enumeration (time-location geographical mapping) Brothel, kothikhana, home, and street-based FSWs Current 89,178 78,778–99,592 0.72 NR
NACP, 2017 [42] (round V) 2016–2017 Enumeration (time-location geographical mapping) Brothel, kothikhana, home, and street-based FSWs Current 64,829 57,734–70,428 NR NR
Sudan AFROCENTER Group, 2005 [43] 2005 Self-report (convenience sample) Young women NR NR NR 0.4 NR
Syria WHO, 2011 [33] 2011 NR FSWs Current 50,000 NR NR NR
Tunisia WHO, 2011 [33] 2005 NR FSWs Current NR 1000–5000 NR NR
WHO, 2011 [33] 2009 NR FSWs Current 10,000 NR NR NR
WHO, 2011 [33] 2011 NR FSWs Current 25,500 NR NR NR
Yemen MOH, 2010 [44] NR Enumeration (time-location geographical mapping) FSWs Current 58,934 NR NR 1.16–2.10
Clients of FSWs Afghanistan Todd, 2007 [45] 2005–2006 Pop-based survey (self-report) TB patients receiving treatment Lifetime NR NR 3.57 NR
Todd, 2012 [46] 2010–2011 Pop-based survey (self-report) Army recruits Lifetime NR NR 12.5 NR
Egypt Bahaa, 2010 [31] 2004–2008 Convenience sample (self-report) Men seeking VCT testing NR NR NR 0.9 NR
Lebanon Kahhaleh, 2009 [35] 1996 Pop-based survey (self-report) General pop (15–49 years) Past 12 M NR NR 9.7 NR
Adib, 2002 [47] 1999 Pop-based survey (self-report) Military conscripts Past 12 M NR NR 13.84 NR
Kahhaleh, 2009 [35] 2004 Pop-based survey (self-report) General pop (15–49 years) Past 12 M NR NR 5.65 NR
Morocco MOH, 2007 [48] 2007 Pop-based survey (self-report) Young men (15–24 years) Lifetime NR NR 35.3 NR
MOH, 2007 [48] 2007 Pop-based survey (self-report) Young men (15–24 years) Current NR NR 2 NR
MOH, 2013 [37] 2013 Pop-based survey (self-report) Young men (15–24 years) Lifetime NR NR 10.5 NR
MOH, 2013 [37] 2013 Pop-based survey (self-report) Young men (15–24 years) Current NR NR 0.3 NR
Pakistan Mir, 2013 [49] 2007 Pop-based survey (self-report) Urban men (16–45 years) Lifetime NR NR 11.9 NR
Mir, 2013 [49] 2007 Pop-based survey (self-report) Urban men (16–45 years) Past 12 M NR NR 5.8 NR
Sudan NACP, 2004 [50] 2004 Convenience sample (self-report) Military personnel NR NR NR 0.3 NR
AFROCENTER Group, 2005 [43] 2005 Convenience sample (self-report) Young men NR NR NR 0.5 NR
  1. The table is sorted by year(s) of data collection
  2. Abbreviations: FSWs female sex workers, M months, MOH Ministry of Health, NACP National AIDS Control Programme, NR not reported, Pop population, TB tuberculosis, VCT voluntary counseling and testing, WHO World Health Organization
  3. *The decimal places of the population proportion figures are as reported in the original reports