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Table 3 HIV prevalence in FSWs in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), as reported in studies using non-probability sampling

From: HIV epidemiology among female sex workers and their clients in the Middle East and North Africa: systematic review, meta-analyses, and meta-regressions

Country Author, year [citation] Year(s) of data collection City/province Study site Sampling Population Sample size HIV prevalence*
% 95% CI
Afghanistan Todd, 2010 [83] 2006–2008 Jalalabad, Kabul, and Mazar-i-Sharif Community and NGO Conv FSWs 520 0.2 0.01–1.1
Djibouti Rodier, 1993 [84] 1987 Djibouti STI clinic Conv Street-based FSWs 66 4.6 NR
Rodier, 1993 [84] 1987 Djibouti STI clinic Conv Bar hostesses 221 1.4 NR
Constantine, 1992 [52] 1988 Djibouti NR Conv FSWs 33 18.2 NR
Rodier, 1993 [84] 1988 Djibouti STI clinic Conv Street-based FSWs 78 9.0 NR
Rodier, 1993 [84] 1988 Djibouti STI clinic Conv Bar hostesses 255 2.7 NR
Rodier, 1993 [84] 1990 Djibouti STI clinic Conv Street-based FSWs 116 41.7 NR
Rodier, 1993 [84] 1990 Djibouti STI clinic Conv Bar hostesses 180 5.0 NR
Couzineau, 1991 [85] 1991 Djibouti STI clinic Conv Street-based FSWs 300 43 NR
Couzineau, 1991 [85] 1991 Djibouti STI clinic Conv Bar girls 397 13.1 NR
Rodier, 1993 [84] 1991 Djibouti STI clinic and residences Conv Street-based FSWs 292 36.0 NR
Rodier, 1993 [84] 1991 Djibouti STI clinic and residences Conv Bar hostesses 360 15.3 NR
Philippon, 1997 [86] 1995 Djibouti STI clinic Conv Street-based FSWs 176 49 NR
Marcelin, 2002 [87] 1998–1999 Djibouti STI clinics Conv Street-based FSWs 43 70 NR
Marcelin, 2002 [87] 1998–1999 Djibouti STI clinics Conv FSWs working in luxury bars 123 7 NR
Egypt Sheba, 1988 [88] 1986–1987 Multiple cities NR Conv FSWs 87 0 NR
Watts, 1993 [89] 1986–1990 Urban areas Medical facilities Conv FSWs 349 0 NR
Kabbash, 2012 [90] 2009–2010 Greater Cairo Community Conv FSWs 431 0 NR
Iran Jahani, 2005 [91] 2002 NR Detainment center/prison Conv FSWs detained by the police 149 0 NR
Kassaian, 2012 [92] 2009–2010 Isfahan Prison, drop-in centers, and community Conv FSWs 91 0 NR
Taghizadeh, 2015 [93] 2014 Sari, Mazandaran Drop-in center Conv FSWs at a drop-in center 184 4 NR
Asadi-Ali, 2018 [94] 2015 Northern Iran Counseling center, drop-in center, and community Conv FSWs 133 1.5 NR
Lebanon Naman, 1989 [95] 1985–1987 NR NR Conv FSWs 291 0.3 NR
Morocco MOH, 2008 [96] 2007 Agadir, Rabat/Sale, Tanger NGO clinic Conv FSWs presenting for consultation 141 1.4 0.1–2.5
Pakistan Iqbal, 1996 [97] 1987–1994 Lahore Hospital Conv FSWs 21 0 NR
Baqi, 1998 [98] 1993–1994 Karachi VCT Conv FSWs in red-light district 77 0 NR
Anwar, 1998 [99] NR Lahore NR NR FSWs 103 1.9 NR
Bokhari, 2007 [68] 2004 Karachi Community Snowball FSWs in red-light district 421 0 NR
Shah, 2004 [100] 2004 Hyderabad Community Conv FSWs 157 0 NR
Shah, 2004 [101] 2004 Sindh Sentinel surveillance Conv FSWs 163 1.2 NR
Akhtar, 2008 [102] 2007 Faisalabad Community NR FSWs 246 0 NR
Raza, 2015 [103] 2014 Rawalpindi Clinics Conv FSWs NR 0 NR
Somalia Jama, 1987 [104] 1985–1986 Mogadishu Camp Conv FSWs attending health education program 85 0 NR
Burans, 1990 [105] NR Mogadishu NR Conv FSWs 89 0 NR
Scott, 1991 [106] 1989 Merka, Kismayu NR Conv FSWs 57 0 NR
Corwin, 1991 [107] 1990 Chismayu, Merca, Mogadishu NR Conv FSWs 302 3 NR
Jama Ahmed, 1991 [51] 1991 Mogadishu PHC Conv FSWs 155 0.6 NR
Sudan Burans, 1990 [108] 1987 Port Sudan NR Conv FSWs 203 0 NR
McCarthy, 1995 [109] NR Juba, South Sudan NR Conv FSWs 50 16 NR
Tunisia Bchir, 1988 [110] 1987 Sousse NR Conv FSWs 42 0 NR
Hassen, 2003 [111] NR Sousse PHC Conv Legal FSWs 51 0 NR
Znazen, 2010 [112] 2007 Tunis, Sousse, and Gabes Medical facilities Conv Legal FSWs undergoing routine testing 183 0 NR
  1. The table is sorted by year(s) of data collection or year of publication if the year of data collection was not reported
  2. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, Conv convenience, FSWs female sex workers, MOH Ministry of Health, NGO non-governmental organization, NR not reported, PHC primary healthcare centers, STI sexually transmitted infection, VCT voluntary counseling and testing
  3. *The decimal places of the prevalence figures are as reported in the original reports, but prevalence figures with more than one decimal places were rounded to one decimal place, with the exception of those below 0.1%. Most studies did not report the 95% CIs associated with prevalence