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Table 4 Adjusted odds ratios (AORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) of other psychiatric disorders by a history of suicidal attempts among individuals with lifetime diagnosis of anorexia nervosa (total and subtypes), bulimia nervosa, or binge eating disorder

From: Suicide attempts in US adults with lifetime DSM-5 eating disorders

  AN AN-R AN-BP BN BED
Any mood disorders 8.60 (3.13–23.64) 6.74 (1.95–23.26) 8.32 (1.72–40.15) 13.30 (1.71–103.34) 3.49 (1.77–6.88)
 Major depressive disorder 9.03 (3.36–24.28) 6.17 (2.06–18.46) 15.06 (2.67–84.89) 14.39 (2.05–100.99) 4.32 (2.18–8.55)
 Persistent depression 5.29 (2.47–11.35) 5.55 (2.54–12.09) 3.63 (1.27–10.35) 7.68 (2.82–20.90) 3.36 (1.82–6.20)
 Bipolar I 5.42 (1.30–22.64) 6.56 (1.97–21.80) 1.73 (0.36–8.40) 25.40 (10.96–58.87) 6.73 (2.58–17.55)
Any anxiety disorders 2.60 (1.27–5.33) 1.63 (0.75–3.56) 3.48 (1.34–9.03) 3.78 (1.16–12.34) 2.72 (1.39–5.32)
 Panic disorder 2.38 (1.19–4.57) 1.23 (0.57–2.69) 2.07 (1.04–4.10) 3.68 (1.34–10.09) 4.21 (2.33–7.60)
 Agoraphobia 2.03 (0.66–6.27) 1.07 (0.29–3.99) 2.88 (1.45–5.74)
 Social anxiety disorder 2.06 (0.80–5.32) 1.71 (0.56–5.21) 2.50 (0.53–11.86) 2.02 (1.04–3.92)
 Specific phobia 2.64 (1.00–6.96) 1.15 (0.45–2.97) 3.26 (1.17–9.06) 3.86 (1.66–9.00) 0.73 (0.34–1.54)
 General anxiety disorder 1.99 (0.91–4.37) 2.03 (0.61–6.76) 2.02 (0.62–6.56) 1.67 (0.91–3.09)
Posttraumatic stress disorder 5.71 (2.73–11.92) 4.78 (1.80–12.70) 4.88 (2.22–10.70) 12.84 (4.70–35.06) 4.27 (2.02–8.99)
Any substance use disorder 3.33 (1.65–6.71) 10.38 (2.84–37.85) 0.83 (0.29–2.32) 2.26 (1.13–4.51) 1.64 (0.78–3.47)
 Alcohol use disorder 3.53 (1.82–6.84) 6.27 (2.33–16.89) 1.55 (0.56–4.27) 3.05 (1.50–6.24) 1.63 (0.93–2.86)
 Nicotine use disorder 2.24 (0.90–5.55) 7.70 (2.59–22.92) 0.45 (0.13–1.50) 4.01 (0.97–16.49) 1.45 (0.84–2.50)
 Other drug use disorder 4.59 (2.30–9.14) 12.57 (3.12–50.68) 1.37 (0.48–3.89) 2.41 (0.74–7.84) 2.17 (1.15–4.10)
Any personality or conduct disorder 6.85 (2.84–16.53) 4.52 (1.97–10.37) 7.80 (3.06–19.86) 15.49 (3.30–72.67) 4.82 (2.29–10.16)
 Antisocial 3.17 (1.21–8.30) 15.45 (2.29–104.00) 1.21 (0.38–3.80) 11.39 (2.94–44.08) 4.15 (2.09–8.22)
 Borderline 4.54 (1.93–10.68) 3.52 (1.45–8.57) 3.36 (0.99–11.38) 11.89 (3.22–43.97) 4.93 (2.33–10.46)
 Schizotypal 6.32 (2.45–16.32) 4.60 (1.86–11.37) 3.90 (1.22–12.53) 3.72 (1.14–9.60) 1.61 (0.84–3.11)
 Conduct 4.27 (1.68–10.87) 20.45 (3.52–118.96) 1.21 (0.38–3.80) 5.41 (1.59–18.46) 3.99 (2.01–7.90)
  1. Notes. AN anorexia nervosa, AN-R anorexia nervosa restricting subtype, AN-BP anorexia nervosa binge eating/purging subtype, BN bulimia nervosa, BED binge eating disorder. ED groups are not mutually exclusive as respondents may have had multiple lifetime ED diagnosis. All analyses were adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and education, and complex survey design of NESARC-III. Italic letters indicate significant AORs.  = significant at p < .05;  = significant at p < .01. – indicates invalid model estimates