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Table 3 Cause of death counts, proportions, and rankings for adults

From: Automated versus physician assignment of cause of death for verbal autopsies: randomized trial of 9374 deaths in 117 villages in India

Rank

Cause of death

No. of deaths

Standard (physician assigned), 7%

Proportion, % (rank)

Standard (physician-assigned)

Mean algorithm estimated deaths

2 or more algorithms agreed

Require training data

Do not require training data

Total

Both physicians initially agreed

NBC

King-Lu

SmartVA

InSilicoVA

InSilicoVA-NT

InterVA-4

 

Adult (12–69 years)

1

Ischemic heart disease

737

661

368

506

17.1

5.1 (5)

8.3 (5)

4.0 (8)

13.0 (2)

12.8 (2)

8.0 (5)

2

Cancers*

592

517

287

393

13.7

2.0 (12)

1.6 (10)

8.4 (3)

4.4 (10)

10.6 (4)

12.9 (1)

3

Other noncommunicable diseases

376

273

314

365

8.7

6.1 (4)

0.2 (16)

6.1 (5)

6.6 (6)

17.2 (1)

7.5 (6)

4

Unspecified infections

363

265

242

278

8.4

1.8 (13)

0.7 (15)

1.3 (14)

8.5 (4)

12.4 (3)

9.0 (4)

5

Falls, bites, and other injuries*

328

288

811

401

7.6

50.4 (1)

32.7 (1)

9.3 (2)

4.6 (9)

10.1 (6)

5.8 (9)

6

Tuberculosis

303

252

211

283

7.0

3.9 (7)

1.9 (8)

2.3 (10)

0.2 (16)

10.1 (5)

10.9 (3)

7

Chronic respiratory diseases

296

231

175

235

6.9

1.0 (15)

0.9 (14)

8.1 (4)

3.8 (11)

4.3 (9)

6.2 (8)

8

Road and transport injuries*

274

246

491

288

6.4

6.6 (2)

14.9 (2)

5.6 (6)

27.8 (1)

7.0 (7)

6.4 (7)

9

Stroke

232

196

160

197

5.4

2.2 (11)

3.9 (7)

5.2 (7)

4.8 (8)

0.7 (15)

5.5 (10)

10

Suicide*

208

185

200

109

4.8

3.9 (6)

11.7 (3)

1.8 (11)

5.5 (7)

1.9 (11)

3.1 (13)

11

Liver and alcohol related diseases

137

105

63

67

3.2

0.9 (16)

1.5 (11)

0.5 (16)

2.8 (12)

1.6 (12)

1.4 (14)

12

Other cardiovascular diseases

108

64

165

166

2.5

3.1 (8)

1.2 (12)

1.6 (12)

8.5 (3)

3.7 (10)

4.8 (11)

13

Acute respiratory infections

100

72

127

114

2.3

6.1 (3)

1.1 (13)

0.5 (17)

0.5 (14)

4.8 (8)

4.7 (12)

14

Diarrheal diseases

96

68

139

64

2.2

2.8 (10)

6.3 (6)

1.4 (13)

7.9 (5)

0.4 (17)

0.5 (17)

15

Ill-defined

69

59

366

194

1.6

0.0 (18)

0.0 (18)

39.7 (1)

0.0 (18)

0.0 (18)

11.3 (2)

16

Diabetes mellitus

63

49

64

35

1.5

1.3 (14)

1.7 (9)

3.6 (9)

0.3 (15)

0.9 (13)

1.1 (15)

17

Maternal conditions

25

21

121

29

0.6

3.0 (9)

11.4 (4)

0.8 (15)

0.6 (13)

0.6 (16)

0.4 (18)

18

Nutritional deficiencies

4

3

10

4

0.1

0.0 (17)

0.0 (17)

0.0 (18)

0.0 (17)

0.8 (14)

0.6 (16)

 

Concordance

     

50

44

57

66

77

80

  1. *More obvious diagnoses. The order of injuries in this category, from highest to lowest number of deaths, is falls, other injuries, and bites
  2. Percentage of agreement between both physicians at the initial stage of ICD coding, where both physicians assigned the same cause of death for the deceased record. The overall physician initial agreement for adult was 83%; while 18% required a third physician to arbitrate (adjudication)