Skip to main content

Table 1 Description of 34 studies retrieved from systematic search

From: Hospitalisation rates and predictors in people with dementia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author, publication year Country Years of data collection Source of study participants Number of people with dementia Dementia type Outcome ascertainment Mean years follow-up (max)
Albert, 1999 [19] USA 1996–97 Research cohort (WHICAP) 400 AD Records and self/carer-report 1.75
Aupperle, 1999 [20] USA 1997 Clinical sample 58 AD Carer-report 1
Browne, 2017 [21] England 2008–09 National register (CPRD) 4999 All-cause dementia National register 3 (5)
Brüggenjürgen, 2015 [22] Germany 2005–08 Insurance register (Statutory Health Insurance) 20,000 AD Insurance register 4
Bynum, 2004 [23] USA 1999 Insurance register (Medicare) 103,512 All-cause dementia Insurance register 1
Callahan, 2012 [24] USA 2001–08 Insurance registers (Medicare and Medicaid claims, MDS and OASIS) 1523 All-cause dementia Insurance register 5.2
Chen, 2014 [25] England 2008–10 National registers (CPRD and HES) 3896 AD National register 2
Cortes, 2008 [26] France Not reported Research cohort (REAL-FR) 686 Mild-moderate AD Self-report 2
Hill, 2005 [27] USA 1999–2002 Insurance register (Medicare) 3357 AD and VaD Insurance register 3
Jennings, 2019 [28] USA 2012–15 Insurance register (Medicare) 3249 All-cause dementia Insurance register 1.75
Kunik, 2003 [29] USA 1997–99 Insurance register (VAMC) 864 All-cause dementia Insurance register 1.8 (2)
Malone, 2009 [30] USA 2000–06 National register (HealthCore) 5396 AD National register 2 (6)
Maust 2017 [31] USA 2002–08 Research cohort (ADAMS) 332 All-cause dementia Insurance register 6
Miu, 2018 [32] Hong Kong 2013–15 Clinical sample 267 All-cause dementia Hospital records 1 (1)
Mueller, 2017 [33] England 2006–13 Clinical register (CRIS) 970 AD and DLB National register 0.9
Mueller, 2018 [34] England 2011–13 Clinical register (CRIS) 4668 All-cause dementia National register 2
Nourhashemi, 2005 [35] France Not reported Research cohort (REAL-FR) 677 AD Self/carer-report 1
Phelan, 2012 [36] USA 1994–2007 Research cohort (ACT) 494 All-cause dementia Hospital records 9.6 (12)
Pimouguet, 2016 [11] Sweden 2001–10 Research cohort (SNAC-K) 175 All-cause dementia National register 4.7 (6)
Rudolph, 2010 [37] USA 1991–2006 Research cohort (MADRC) 827 AD Self/carer-report 3
Russ, 2015 [38] Scotland Not reported National register (SDRIR) 730 All-cause dementia National register 1.2 (3.3)
Sköldunger, 2015 [39] Sweden 2001–04 Research cohort (SNAC) 319 All-cause dementia Self/carer-report 3
Sloane, 2017 [40] USA Not reported Clinical sample 136 AD Carer-report 0.5
Sommerlad, 2019 [41] UK 2008–16 Clinical register (CRIS) 10,137 All-cause dementia Hospital records 2.5 (8.2)
Soto, 2015 [42] France Not reported Research cohort (PLASA) 1131 AD Self/carer-report 2
Thorpe, 2010 [12] USA 1997–98 Research cohort (NLCS) 1186 AD and VaD Insurance register 1
Tolppanen, 2015 [43] Finland 2005–09 National register (Medication and Alzheimer’s disease study) 27,948 AD National register 4 (2.2 to 4)
Zhao, 2008 [44] USA 2003–04 Insurance register (Medicare) 25,109 All-cause dementia Insurance register 1
Zhu, 2015 [45] USA 1999–2010 Research cohort (WHICAP) 171 All-cause dementia Insurance register 3.8 (10)
Studies including sub-populations of people with dementia Special characteristics   
Axmon, 2016 [46] Sweden 2002–12 National register (Swedish National Patient registry) 271 All-cause dementia (including 199 with ID) National register 11
Chen, 2017 [47] Taiwan 2002–11 Insurance register (National Health Insurance Research Database) 908 All-cause dementia during last year of life Insurance register 9
Forma, 2011 [48] Finland 1998–2003 National clinical registers 34,232 All-cause dementia during last 2 years of life National register 2
Kedia, 2017 [49] USA 2009 Insurance registers (Medicare and Medicaid) 9827 All-cause (including 1294 with comorbid cancer) Insurance register 1
Tian, 2013 [50] USA 2006–10 Insurance registers (MarketScans Commercial Claims and Medicare) 8977 AD (including 485 with dysphagia) Insurance register 2 (3)
  1. ACT adult changes in thought, AD Alzheimer’s disease, ADAMS Ageing, Demographics and Memory Study, CRIS Clinical Record Interactive Search, DLB dementia with Lewy bodies, ID intellectual disability, MADRC Massachusetts Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center, MDS minimum data set, NLCS National Longitudinal Caregiver Study, NPI Neuropsychiatric Inventory, OASIS Outcome And Assessment Information Set, PLASA Plan de Soin et d’Aide dans la maladie d’Alzheimer, REAl-FR French Network on Alzheimer’s Disease, SDRIR Scottish Dementia Research Interest Register, SNAC(-K) Swedish National Study on Aging and Care (-Kungsholmen), VaD vascular dementia, WHICAP Washington Heights-Inwood Columbia Aging Project
\