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Fig. 1 | BMC Medicine

Fig. 1

From: Customized versus population birth weight charts for identification of newborns at risk of long-term adverse cardio-metabolic and respiratory outcomes: a population-based prospective cohort study

Fig. 1

ah Prevalence of birth weight classifications and their association with infant growth patterns and cardio-metabolic and respiratory outcomes at age 10.

Bars are prevalence (%, left y-axis) and OR’s (95% CI, right y-axis). Reference groups for OR’s of customized and population classifications are newborns classified AGA according to the respective classification. Prevalences of adverse outcomes among SGA, AGA and LGA newborns were calculated by dividing the number of cases by the number of newborns in each birth weight category.

Clustering of cardio-metabolic risk factors is defined as having three or more of the following components: visceral fat mass >75th percentile; systolic or diastolic blood pressure >75th percentile; HDL-cholesterol <25th percentile or triglycerides >75th percentile; and insulin level >75th percentile of our study population.

a SGA was defined as gestational age adjusted birth weight <10th percentile of the customized chart. AGA is defined as gestational age adjusted birth weight >10th and <90th percentile of the customized chart. LGA was defined as gestational age adjusted birth weight >90th percentile of the customized chart.

b SGA was defined as gestational age adjusted birth weight <10th percentile of the population birth weight chart. AGA is defined as gestational age adjusted birth weight >10th and <90th percentile the population chart. LGA was defined as gestational age adjusted birth weight >90th percentile of the population chart

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