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Table 3 Select characteristics of children in the derivation and validation datasets

From: Determinants of linear growth faltering among children with moderate-to-severe diarrhea in the Global Enteric Multicenter Study

 Derivation
N = 3101
Validation
N = 3102
n (%) or median (interquartile range)n (%) or median (interquartile range)
Sociodemographic characteristics
 Age, months11(7–16)11(7–16)
  0–6 months559(18.0%)518(16.7%)
  > 6–12 months1192(38.4%)1169(37.7%)
  > 12–23 months1350(43.5%)1415(45.6%)
 Site
  The Gambia346(11.2%)359(11.6%)
  Mali609(19.6%)563(18.1%)
  Mozambique193(6.2%)217(7.0%)
  Kenya476(15.3%)485(15.6%)
  India625(20.2%)570(18.4%)
  Bangladesh493(15.9%)500(16.1%)
  Pakistan359(11.6%)408(13.2%)
 Female1358(43.8%)1323(42.6%)
 Access to improved water1420(45.8%)1404(45.3%)
 Access to improved sanitationa559(18.0%)594(19.1%)
 Wealth index [13]− 0.08(− 0.71, 0.59)− 0.08(− 0.72, 0.58)
Clinical characteristics at presentation
 Stunting715(23.1%)763(24.6%)
 Wasting671(21.6%)686(22.1%)
 Severe acute malnutrition227(7.3%)243(7.9%)
 MUAC < 12.5 cm among 6–23 months421(16.6% of 2542)442(17.2% of 2542)
 Fever886(30.0%)902(30.5%)
 Current breastfeeding < 6 months
  Exclusive220(29.4% of 749)219(31.0% of 707)
  Partial498(66.5% of 749)453(64.1% of 707)
  None31(4.1% of 749)35(5.0% of 707)
 Hospitalized at presentation605(19.5%)624(20.1%)
 Dysentery at presentationb681(22.0%)671(21.6%)
 ≥ 1 IMCI general danger sign1808(58.3%)1853(59.7%)
 Presented with at least 1 co-morbidityc1027(33.1%)1049(33.8%)
  Pneumonia2880(92.9%)2903(93.6%)
  Malaria221(7.1%)199(6.4%)
  Malnutrition741(23.9%)769(24.8%)
  Other invasive bacterial infection161(5.2%)188(6.1%)
  Upper respiratory tract infection47(1.5%)35(1.1%)
  1. aFlush toilet, ventilated improved pit latrine with or without water seal, or pour flush toilet not shared with other households
  2. bVisible blood in stool observed by study staff or reported by caregiver at presentation; discharge diagnosis of dysentery per managing clinician upon leaving the healthcare facility; or observed in stool sample by laboratory staff
  3. cPer discharge diagnoses documented on medical records