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Fig. 3 | BMC Medicine

Fig. 3

From: Bridging the gap between complexity science and clinical practice by formalizing idiographic theories: a computational model of functional analysis

Fig. 3

Schematic representation of the functional analysis. Theoretical relations adapted from the patient’s functional analysis as a basis for deriving the system equations. Anxiety (Re) is reduced through applying avoidance behavior (Rb). In addition, avoidance behavior is reinforced through perceived benefits and inhibited through perceived costs. Persistent avoidant behavior increases the credibility of catastrophic interpretations, in turn leading to more catastrophizing during exposure. We formalized and tested three interventions, exposure, cognitive reappraisal, and their combination, represented through the red boxes

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