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Table 3 Significantly different community and health facility causes of 1–59-month deaths in the study countries

From: Using health facility deaths to estimate population causes of neonatal and child mortality in four African countries

CountryAnalysis methodCause of deathCommunity
N deaths (%)
%MF (95% CI)
Facility
N deaths (%)
%MF (95% CI)
p*
Cameroon  453 (71.3%)182 (28.7%) 
 EAVANon-significant
PCVADiarrhea5.3 (3.4, 7.8)9.9 (6.3, 14.4)0.030
Malawi  342 (49.5%)349 (50.5%) 
 EAVAInjury4.0 (1.9, 7.4)1.4 (0.4, 3.4)0.048
Severe malnutrition2.6 (1.2, 4.7)0.6 (0.1, 1.9)0.048
PCVAAIDS15.9 (12.0, 20.4)10.2 (7.2, 13.8)0.034
Meningitis2.6 (1.3, 4.6)6.0 (3.7, 9.0)0.030
Malaria14.3 (10.8, 18.4)22.9 (18.5, 27.8)0.005
Niger  504 (81.4%)115 (18.6%) 
 EAVANon-significant
PCVANon-significant
Nigeria  1610 (78.4%)445 (21.6%) 
 EAVAUnspecified6.5 (5.2, 7.8)3.9 (2.2, 6.0)0.044
PCVAAIDS0.0 (0.0, 0.1)0.3 (0.0, 1.4)0.024
  1. MF mortality fraction, EAVA expert algorithm verbal autopsy, PCVA physician-coded verbal autopsy
  2. *Significance determined by Rao-Scott chi-square