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Table 2 Characteristics of the UK adolescents and adults according to sex. The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), UK

From: A comparison of the associations between adiposity and lipids in Malawi and the United Kingdom

 AdolescentsAdults
Females
n = 1657 (51.8%)
Males
n = 1544 (48.2%)
Females
n = 4423 (69.9%)
Males
n = 1900 (30.0%)
Age—mean (SD)17.8 (0.4)17.8 (0.4)47.9 (4.4)53.3 (5.4)
Ethnicity—N(%)
 White/British1509 (95.3)1417 (95.4)3939 (97.8)1700 (98.3)
 Other75 (4.7)68 (4.6)87 (2.2)29 (1.7)
Education—N(%)a
 CSE178 (11.9)135 (9.5)404 (10.0)105 (6.6)
 Vocational degree96 (6.4)107 (7.6)302 (7.5)85 (5.3)
 O level (11 years)508 (33.9)436 (30.8)1385 (34.3)337 (21.1)
 A level (12–13 years)423 (28.2)441 (31.1)1180 (29.2)486 (30.4)
 Degree (13+ years)293 (19.6)297 (21.0)768 (19.0)584 (36.6)
Marital status—N(%)
 Never marriedNANA94 (3.4)13 (0.7)
 MarriedNANA2300 (82.2)1681 (90.9)
 WidowedNANA40 (1.4)17 (0.9)
 Divorced/separatedNANA365 (13.0)139 (7.5)
Parity—N(%)
 1NANA585 (13.2)NA
 2NANA1432 (32.4)NA
 3NANA1123 (25.4)NA
 4+NANA1283 (29.0)NA
Smoking status—N(%)
 Never smoker641 (46.0)687 (52.5)1506 (55.7)919 (50.8)
 Former smoker356 (25.6)282 (21.5)951 (35.1)730 (40.3)
 Current smoker396 (28.4)340 (26.0)248 (9.2)161 (8.9)
Alcohol intake—N(%)
 Never24 (1.8)32 (2.5)262 (9.5)74 (4.0)
 Monthly or less392 (29.6)281 (22.4)427 (15.4)136 (7.4)
 2–4 times/month644 (48.7)574 (45.8)513 (18.5)335 (18.3)
 2–3 times/week234 (17.7)315 (25.1)944 (33.9)720 (39.3)
 4+ times/week29 (2.2)53 (4.2)634 (22.8)567 (31.0)
Lipid-lowering medication—N(%)
 No medicationNANA4334 (98.2)1774 (95.7)
 Taking medicationNANA81 (1.8)80 (4.3)
  1. Adolescent males and females are aged 16 to 19 years, adult females are aged 34 to 61 years, and adult males are aged 34 to 89 years
  2. A level advanced level, CSE certificate of secondary education, IQR interquartile range, NA not assessed, O level ordinary level, SD standard deviation
  3. aEducation corresponds to maternal education for UK adolescents