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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants by randomised group: usual care (control) and the 3R intervention. Values are means (standard deviations) unless stated otherwise

From: Effectiveness of the Ready to Reduce Risk (3R) complex intervention for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease: a pragmatic randomised controlled trial

CharacteristicsControl (n = 107)Intervention (n = 105)All participants (n = 212)
Age (years)63.9 (6.9)63.9 (7.5)63.9 (7.2)
Ethnicity (no. (%))
 White104 (97)102 (97)206 (97)
 Others3 (3)3 (3)6 (3)
No. (%) women58 (54)56 (53)114 (54)
No. (%) men49 (46)49 (47)98 (46)
Smoking status (no. (%))
 Current8 (7)5 (5)13 (6)
 Former50 (47)47 (45)97 (46)
 Never49 (46)53 (51)102 (48)
Risk of CVD in next 10 years (mean % (SD))16 (7.6)16 (9.4)16.2 (8.5)
Comorbidities (median (interquartile range))2 (1–3)2 (1–3)2 (1–3)
Biometric measurements
 Body weight (kg)81.2 (18.4)81.5 (17.4)81.3 (17.9)
 Body mass index (kg/m2)28.9 (5.1)28.8 (4.7)28.9 (5.0)
 Waist circumference (cm)97.3 (13.4)98.5 (13.0)97.9 (13.2)
 Hip circumference (cm)106.5 (11.5)106.2 (9.4)106.3 (10.5)
 Waist-to-hip ratio0.9 (0.1)0.9 (0.1)0.9 (0.1)
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)142.0 (18.0)139.3 (18.1)140.7 (18.1)
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)87.4 (10.0)86.1 (10.9)86.8 (10.4)
Adherences to statins variables
 Urine test for statin adherence (no. (%))33 (47)40 (62)73 (54)
 MMAS* score = 8 for high adherence (no. (%))35 (33)32 (30)67 (32)
 Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.8 (0.8)5.9 (0.8)5.9 (0.8)
 High density lipoprotein cholesterol (mmol/l)1.7 (0.6)1.6 (0.5)1.7 (0.5)
 TC:HDL ratio3.9 (1.3)3.9 (1.4)3.9 (1.3)
 No. of years on statins prior to enrolment mean (range)8.0 (1.2–20.8)8.3 (1.1–20.6)8.2 (1.1–20.8)
  1. TC:HDL total cholesterol-to-high-density lipoprotein
  2. *Use of the©MMAS is protected by the US and international copyright laws. Permission for use is required. A licence agreement is available from Donald E. Morisky, MMAS Research (MORISKY), 294 Lindura Court, Las Vegas, NV 89138-4632; dmorisky@gmail.com