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Table 1 Average per capita cost by study group over 2 years

From: Cost-effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention in high-risk individuals for diabetes in a low- and middle-income setting: Trial-based analysis of the Kerala Diabetes Prevention Program

  Control group (N = 507) Intervention group (N = 500)
Direct medical costs
Screening
  IDRS 0.1 0.1
  OGTT 4.1 4.1
Intervention
  Group sessions
   Introductory sessions 0 3.5
   DPES 0 2.1
   Peer group sessions 0 7.1
  Training of peer leaders and LRPs 0 2.8
  Resource materials 0.8 5.3
  Community activities 0 0
  Overheads 0 3.3
  Subtotal 0.8 24.2
Healthcare use
  Outpatient visits 62.3 50.0
  Inpatient days 47.5 50.5
  Medications 186.8 174.8
  Subtotal 296.6 275.2
 Total cost from a health system perspective 301.6 303.6
Direct non-medical costs
 Transport, food, and accommodation costs while seeking healthcare 12.7 12.2
 Travel time to attend group sessions 0 2.1
 Time spent attending group sessions 0 4.1
 Subtotal 12.7 18.4
Indirect costs (productivity loss due to illness) 47.2 45.8
 Total cost from a societal perspective 361.5 367.8
  1. IDRS Indian Diabetes Risk Score, OGTT oral glucose tolerance test, DPES diabetes prevention education sessions, LRP local resource person. Costs are expressed in 2018 US$