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Table 1 Description of data used in the study

From: Estimating indirect mortality impacts of armed conflict in civilian populations: panel regression analyses of 193 countries, 1990–2017

  Countries (N) Observations (N) Battle-related deaths per 100,000 population (mean, SD) Civilian mortality rate per 100,000 population (mean, SD)
Total 193 5404 3.63 (135.52) 1020.84 (484.54)
Armed conflict exposure1
  No 186 4384 0.01 (0.08) 962.11 (459.71)
  Yes 102 1020 19.23 (311.58) 1273.26 (507.18)
   - Minor conflict 99 686 1.96 (4.09) 1233.39 (492.27)
   -War 48 334 54.72 (543.30) 1355.15 (527.87)
Quintile of exposure2
  - None 177 3986 943.81 (449.20)
  - First 65 284 0.02 (0.01) 998.09 (435.49)
  - Second 80 284 0.13 (0.05) 1179.62 (473.60)
  - Third 68 283 0.51 (0.18) 1197.73 (463.11)
  - Fourth 71 285 2.44 (1.18) 1310.55 (501.44)
  - Fifth 50 283 66.35 (589.68) 1501.68 (553.86)
Covariates Countries (N) Observations (N) Mean SD
 GDP per capita 190 5082 9825.06 15,484.47
 OECD membership 193 5404 0.15 0.36
 Population density 193 5404 0.29 0.21
 Urbanisation 193 5404 0.56 0.19
 Age dependency ratio 185 5171 65.39 19.61
 Male education 193 5404 8.21 3.29
 Temperature 193 5404 14.12 13.32
 Rainfall 193 5404 0.45 0.42
 Earthquake 193 5404 0.09 0.28
 Drought 193 5404 0.08 0.27
 Multiplicative Polyarchy Index 172 4774 0.52 0.27
 Ethnic Fractionalisation Index 156 3703 0.45 0.26
  1. GDP per capita is in current US dollars. Population density represents the percentage of the population living in a density of > 1000 people/km2. Urbanisation represents the percentage of the population living in urban areas. The age dependency ratio represents the percentage of the population younger than 15 years and older than 64 years per 100 working-age population. Male education is expressed as years per capita and is age-standardised. Temperature is in degrees Celsius and is the mean population-weighted annual temperature. Rainfall represents the percentage of the population living in the top world quintile of annual rainfall. Earthquake and drought are binary variables representing their absence or presence
  2. 1Based on the number of battle-related deaths per country-conflict-year: no, < 25; yes, ≥ 25; minor conflict, 25–999; war, ≥ 1000. 2Based on the number of battle-related deaths per 100,000 population per country-year