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Table 2 Numbers and rates of community contact with mental health services per 1000 births by ethnicity (crude and standardised by age and deprivation)

From: Differences in access and utilisation of mental health services in the perinatal period for women from ethnic minorities—a population-based study

  Ethnicity All 18+, birth episodes, n Women with a mental health contact, n Crude rate (per 1000) Standardised rate (per 1000)
Rate 95% LCL 95% UCL Rate LCL UCL
A White British 398,769 16,886 42.3 41.7 43.0 42.4 41.8 43.1
B Irish 3394 113 33.4* 27.5 40.1 38.6 31.1 47.3
C Other White backgrounds 71,944 1523 21.2* 20.1 22.3 21.6* 20.6 22.8
D White and Black Caribbean 3504 204 58.2* 50.5 66.8 51.7* 43.8 60.6
E White and Black African 1629 65 40.1 31.0 51.1 45.1 33.9 58.7
F White and Asian 1957 59 30.2* 23.0 39.0 31.2* 23.5 40.6
G Other mixed backgrounds 4459 208 46.7 40.5 53.5 45.1 39.0 51.8
H Indian 20,134 318 15.8* 14.1 17.6 17.3* 14.8 20.1
J Pakistani 27,052 556 20.6* 18.9 22.3 19.4* 17.3 21.7
K Bangladeshi 9520 223 23.5* 20.5 26.8 22.2* 18.1 26.9
L Other Asian backgrounds 14,653 324 22.1* 19.8 24.7 22.0* 19.4 24.8
M Caribbean 5474 264 48.3 42.6 54.5 43.9 37.8 50.7
N African 20,188 437 21.6* 19.6 23.8 25.2* 21.9 28.7
P Any other Black backgrounds 4630 196 42.3 36.6 48.7 42.5 35.2 50.9
R Chinese 4285 81 18.8* 14.9 23.4 23.3* 16.5 31.8
S Other ethnic groups 23,500 615 26.2* 24.1 28.3 25.7* 23.6 28.0
  Total 615,092 22,072       
  1. The table shows the number of women with one or more mental health contacts during the perinatal period (PNP) where the first contact is within PNP and the total number of birth episodes in 2017 (events with missing ethnicities are included; assumed to be missing at random and are apportioned across all ethnicities in proportion to known ethnicities)
  2. Crude and directly age-standardised rates per 1000 birth episodes are shown along with corresponding 95% confidence intervals
  3. LCL lower confidence limit, UCL upper confidence limit
  4. *Rate is significantly different (p < 0.05) from the White British group