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Table 7 Commonly reported bacterial pathogens among neonates, stratified by region and time period

From: Non-malarial febrile illness: a systematic review of published aetiological studies and case reports from Africa, 1980–2015

  1980 to ≤ 1990 1991 to ≤ 2000 2001 to ≤ 2010 2011 to ≤ 2015
Region
 Eastern Borrelia caucasica (n = 1) Staphylococcus aureus (n = 3) Streptococcus agalactiae (n = 6) Staphylococcus aureus (n = 6)
Escherichia coli (n = 3) Escherichia coli (n = 6) Escherichia coli (n = 6)
Streptococcus agalactiae (n = 2) Staphylococcus aureus (n = 5) Staphylococcus, coagulase negative (n = 5)
Klebsiella spp. (n = 2) Non-typhoidal Salmonella (n = 5) Klebsiella spp. (n = 5)
Enterobacter spp. (n = 2) Streptococcus pneumoniae (n = 4) Streptococcus spp. (n = 4)
 Western Citrobacter spp. (n = 3) Streptococcus spp. (n = 2) Staphylococcus aureus (n = 7) Escherichia coli (n = 7)
Streptococcus spp. (n = 2) Staphylococcus aureus (n = 2) Escherichia coli (n = 5) Staphylococcus aureus (n = 5)
Streptococcus pneumoniae (n = 2) Proteus spp. (n = 2) Streptococcus spp. (n = 4) Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n = 5)
Streptococcus agalactiae (n = 2) Klebsiella spp. (n = 2) Staphylococcus spp. (n = 4) Non-typhoidal Salmonella (n = 5)
Staphylococcus aureus (n = 2) Escherichia coli (n = 2) Pseudomonas spp. (n = 4) Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 5)
 Northern Non-typhoidal Salmonella (n = 2) Staphylococcus, coagulase negative (n = 2) Escherichia coli (n = 12)
Staphylococcus aureus (n = 1) Serratia liquefaciens (n = 2) Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 7)
Serratia spp. (n = 1) Staphylococcus aureus (n = 1) Staphylococcus, coagulase negative (n = 6)
Pseudomonas spp. (n = 1) Serratia marcescens (n = 1) Staphylococcus aureus (n = 6)
Klebsiella spp. (n = 1) Pseudomonas spp. (n = 1) Klebsiella spp. (n = 6)
 Southern Vibrio cholerae (n = 1) Typhoidal Salmonella (n = 1) Streptococcus pneumoniae (n = 1) Escherichia coli (n = 4)
Acinetobacter calcoaceticus (n = 1) Klebsiella spp. (n = 1) Pasteurella multocida (n = 1) Streptococcus agalactiae (n = 3)
Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 1) Staphylococcus aureus (n = 3)
Enterobacter cloacae (n = 1) Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 3)
Streptococcus pneumoniae (n = 2)
 Middle Streptococcus pneumoniae (n = 1)
Streptococcus agalactiae (n = 1)
Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 1)
  1. No distinction has been made between case series, fever series, and seroprevalence studies. Numbers in parenthesis indicate the number of publications reporting the given microorganism