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Table 4 Cost-effective expansion pathways for stunting, wasting and anaemia in prevalence in children under five. Values in parentheses represent uncertainty bounds

From: Ending malnutrition in all its forms requires scaling up proven nutrition interventions and much more: a 129-country analysis

   Additional cases averteda when intervention was added, 2019-2030 (million) Percentage of total impact (i.e. impact with all interventions) Additional cost to expand to 95% coverage 2019-2030 (billion US$) Average cost per impact (cost per case averted when intervention was added to package)
Order Stunting intervention     
1 IPTp 1.00 (0.64 - 1.31) 2.3% US$0.10 (0.04 - 0.17) US$103
2 IYCF education 28.22 (17.95 - 39.04) 64.2% US$7.52 (6.77 - 8.27) US$267
3 Vitamin A supplementation 4.04 (3.61 - 4.48) 9.2% US$2.24 (0.35 - 4.14) US$556
4 Lipid-based nutrient supplements 5.50 (1.06 - 9.71) 12.5% US$9.88 (9.61 - 10.15) US$1,795
  Cumulative 38.76 (23.25 - 54.53) 88.1% US$19.75 (16.77 - 22.72)  
Order Wasting intervention     
1 Vitamin A supplementation 1.13 (0.98 - 1.29) 7.4% US$2.24 (0.35 - 4.14) US$1,989
2 Cash transfers 14.09 (12.66 - 15.52) 92.6% US$273.73 (246.35 - 301.10) US$19,427
  Cumulative 15.22 (13.64 - 16.81) 100.0% US$275.97 (246.71 - 305.23)  
Order Anaemia intervention     
1 IPTp 11.42 (4.62 - 17.76) 2.7% US$0.10 (0.04 - 0.17) US$9
2 IFA supplementation for non-pregnant women 210.51 (38.98 - 343.05) 49.3% US$7.28 (5.03 - 9.53) US$35
3 Multiple micronutrient supplementation 140.43 (62.93 - 177.88) 32.9% US$6.55 (5.90 - 7.21) US$47
4 Iron fortification of salt 2.97 (0.00 - 4.54) 0.7% US$0.21 (0.19 - 0.23) US$71
5 IFA fortification of staple foods 14.61 (0.00 - 22.20) 3.4% US$2.83 (2.55 - 3.12) US$194
  Cumulative 379.94 (106.54 - 565.44) 89.0% US$16.98 (13.70 - 20.25)  
  1. aMeasured as difference in cumulative number of children turning age five stunted or wasted between 2019-2030, and difference in the sum of anaemic women per year between 2019-2030
  2. Abbreviations: IFA iron and folic acid, IPTp Intermittent preventative treatment of malaria during pregnancy, IYCF infant and young child feeding