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Table 2 Associations between childhood abuse (< 16 years) and lifetime intimate partner violence victimisation (≥ 16 years) (N = 19,471)

From: Cycles of violence in England and Wales: the contribution of childhood abuse to risk of violence revictimisation in adulthood

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Sig. AOR 95% CIs Sig. AOR 95% CIs Sig. AOR 95% CIs
   LL UL    LL UL    LL UL
Childhood psychological abuse      < 0.001 2.78 2.45 3.15 < 0.001 1.56 1.33 1.82
Childhood physical abuse      < 0.001 1.79 1.55 2.07 < 0.05 1.21 1.03 1.42
Childhood sexual abuse      < 0.001 2.06 1.83 2.33 NS    
Childhood witnessing domestic violence     < 0.001 1.76 1.55 2.00 NS    
Childhood abuse count None (ref.) < 0.001        < 0.001    
Single type < 0.001 3.27 2.95 3.62     < 0.001 2.85 2.54 3.19
Multiple types < 0.001 6.41 5.75 7.15     < 0.001 3.96 3.22 4.87
Sex Female < 0.001 2.52 2.32 2.74 < 0.001 2.53 2.33 2.76 < 0.001 2.57 2.36 2.79
Age 50–59 (ref.)      < 0.001     < 0.001    
16–19 < 0.01 0.65 0.49 0.85 < 0.05 0.64 0.48 0.83 < 0.01 0.62 0.48 0.82
20–29 NS 0.97 0.86 1.10 NS 0.96 0.85 1.08 NS 0.96 0.85 1.09
30–39 < 0.05 1.14 1.02 1.27 < 0.05 1.13 1.02 1.26 < 0.05 1.13 1.02 1.26
40–49 < 0.001 1.25 1.13 1.39 < 0.001 1.24 1.12 1.37 < 0.001 1.25 1.12 1.38
Ethnicity White < 0.001 1.91 1.65 2.21 < 0.001 1.97 1.70 2.28 < 0.001 1.91 1.65 2.21
Deprivation Least deprived (ref.)      < 0.001     < 0.001    
Most deprived—1 < 0.001 1.43 1.26 1.62 < 0.001 1.40 1.23 1.58 < 0.001 1.42 1.25 1.61
2 < 0.001 1.40 1.23 1.58 < 0.001 1.40 1.24 1.58 < 0.001 1.39 1.23 1.58
3 < 0.001 1.26 1.12 1.43 < 0.001 1.25 1.11 1.42 < 0.001 1.26 1.11 1.42
4 NS 1.11 0.98 1.25 NS 1.10 0.97 1.25 NS 1.11 0.98 1.25
  1. Notes. Limited to adults aged 16–59 years who completed the CSEW 2015/2016 self-completion modules. AOR adjusted odds ratio, 95% CIs 95% confidence intervals, LL lower limit, UL upper limit
  2. Model 1: Childhood abuse count was entered in a regression, controlling for sociodemographics (sex, age, ethnicity, and deprivation quintiles)
  3. Model 2: All childhood abuse types were entered in a regression, controlling for sociodemographics
  4. Model 3: All childhood abuse types and childhood abuse count were entered into a regression, controlling for sociodemographics