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Table 3 Associations between childhood abuse (< 16 years) and lifetime sexual violence victimisation (≥ 16 years) (N = 20,129)

From: Cycles of violence in England and Wales: the contribution of childhood abuse to risk of violence revictimisation in adulthood

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Sig. AOR 95% CIs Sig. AOR 95% CIs Sig. AOR 95% CIs
   LL UL    LL UL    LL UL
Childhood psychological abuse      < 0.001 2.53 2.19 2.92 < 0.001 1.63 1.34 1.98
Childhood physical abuse      < 0.001 1.50 1.27 1.78 NS    
Childhood sexual abuse      < 0.001 4.20 3.71 4.75 < 0.001 2.47 2.10 2.91
Childhood witnessing domestic violence     < 0.001 1.46 1.26 1.69 NS    
Childhood abuse count None (ref.) < 0.001        < 0.001    
Single type < 0.001 3.58 3.195 4.01     < 0.001 2.16 1.85 2.52
Multiple types < 0.001 6.89 6.11 7.76     < 0.001 3.06 2.42 3.86
Sex Female < 0.001 6.77 5.99 7.66 < 0.001 6.36 5.62 7.21 < 0.001 6.29 5.56 7.12
Age 50–59 (ref.) NS     NS     NS    
16–19             
20–29             
30–39             
40–49             
Ethnicity White < 0.001 1.51 1.28 1.78 < 0.001 1.55 1.32 1.84 < 0.001 1.52 1.28 1.79
Deprivation Least deprived (ref.) < 0.001     < 0.001     < 0.001    
Most deprived—1 < 0.001 0.72 0.62 0.83 < 0.001 0.71 0.61 0.82 < 0.001 0.72 0.62 0.84
2 NS 0.88 0.76 1.01 NS 0.91 0.79 1.05 NS 0.91 0.79 1.05
3 NS 0.97 0.85 1.12 NS 0.98 0.85 1.12 NS 0.98 0.85 1.12
4 NS 1.14 0.99 1.30 NS 1.14 0.99 1.30 NS 1.14 0.99 1.31
  1. Notes. Limited to adults aged 16–59 years who completed the CSEW 2015/2016 self-completion modules. AOR adjusted odds ratio, 95% CIs 95% confidence intervals, LL lower limit, UL upper limit
  2. Model 1: Childhood abuse count was entered in a regression, controlling for sociodemographics (sex, age, ethnicity, and deprivation quintiles)
  3. Model 2: All childhood abuse types were entered in a regression, controlling for sociodemographics
  4. Model 3: All childhood abuse types and childhood abuse count were entered in a regression, controlling for sociodemographics