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Table 2 Risk of stroke, myocardial infarction, and both according to TyG index quartile

From: The triglyceride glucose index is a simple and low-cost marker associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease: a population-based study

TyG index Events (n) Duration (person-years) Incidence rate (per 1000 person-years) Model 1, hazard ratio (95% CI) Model 2, hazard ratio (95% CI) Model 3, hazard ratio (95% CI)
Myocardial infarction and stroke
 Q1 26,773 11,447,594.33 2.33874 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1(ref.)
 Q2 33,335 11,430,071.25 2.91643 1.247 (1.227, 1.267) 1.18 (1.161, 1.199) 1.085 (1.068, 1.103)
 Q3 39,119 11,416,557.3 3.42651 1.466 (1.443, 1.489) 1.338 (1.317, 1.359) 1.157 (1.138, 1.176)
 Q4 47,517 11,384,076.25 4.17399 1.786 (1.759, 1.813) 1.608 (1.584, 1.633) 1.282 (1.262, 1.304)
p for trend     < .0001 < .0001 < .0001
Myocardial infarction
 Q1 11,223 11,503,460.68 0.97562 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 Q2 14,124 11,500,096.33 1.22816 1.257 (1.226, 1.289) 1.204 (1.174, 1.234) 1.092 (1.065, 1.12)
 Q3 16,618 11,499,511.73 1.4451 1.48 (1.444, 1.516) 1.379 (1.346, 1.412) 1.165 (1.137, 1.194)
 Q4 20,612 11,483,933.86 1.79486 1.837 (1.795, 1.88) 1.697 (1.658, 1.737) 1.312 (1.28, 1.345)
p for trend     < .0001 < .0001 < .0001
Stroke
 Q1 16,378 11,483,024.16 1.42628 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 Q2 20,315 11,474,799.11 1.7704 1.242 (1.217, 1.268) 1.164 (1.14, 1.188) 1.080 (1.058, 1.103)
 Q3 23,806 11,469,602.92 2.07557 1.457 (1.428, 1.486) 1.306 (1.28, 1.333) 1.148 (1.125, 1.172)
 Q4 28,621 11,450,595.06 2.49952 1.754 (1.72, 1.788) 1.545 (1.515, 1.575) 1.260 (1.234, 1.287)
p for trend     < .0001 < .0001 < .0001
  1. Model 1: crude
  2. Model 2: adjusted for age and sex
  3. Model 3: adjusted for age, sex, smoking, alcohol consumption, regular physical activity, low socioeconomic status, body mass index, hypertension, total cholesterol level, hypertension medications, warfarin, and aspirin